Angelia Renee Cady
January 9, 2013
Management and Leadership
The world of business constantly changes, as the different industries become more competitive. It becomes increasing evident that manager and leaders are an important factor in the determining factors of whether an organization becomes a leader or follower in particular industry and how well it adapt to the growing changes in an effort to succeed. Many individuals would categorize leadership and management as one and the same, yet they are extremely different in a number of ways. This paper will evaluate the differences between management and leadership as it relates to Wal-Mart and the role and responsibilities that the organizational managers and leaders play in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture. It will evaluate the impact of globalization and management across the international borders. Finally, supply recommendations for strategies that Wal-Mart managers and leaders can use to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture within the organization. Difference between Management and Leadership
It has become evident that there are individuals who can create a unique culture for an organization. These individuals are known as managers and leaders with the capabilities to meet organizational goals and objectives within our constantly changing economy is the belief of most that management is the leader of any organization, yet contrary to these beliefs a good manager is not always a good leader and not all leaders come from management. Management
According to Bateman and Snell, (2009) management is defined as, “the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals” (p. 19). It is said that a manage wears several hat, and they are interchangeable at any given time of the day. A manager has be to be a team leader, planner, organizer, director, controller, problem solver, and the list goes on in an effort to get the job done on any given day. Wal-Mart managers accomplish their roles through planning, organizing, directing, staffing, leading, and controlling an organizations physical, human, information, and financial resources to achieve the plans and goals set forth by the organization. By managers overseeing the use and distribution of all these resources allows them to maintain balance for goals and plans to stay on track and moving forward smoothly. According to Mintzberg, (1973) there are essentially “ten roles that a manager fills” (pp. 92-93) with three categories that these roles can be listed under (Bateman & Snell, 2009, p. 25). * Informational – involves the sharing and analyzing of information. * Monitor – seek and receive information; monitor reports; maintain contacts to develop an understanding of the organization and its environment. * Disseminator – forward information between organization members, * Spokesperson – Provide information to outsiders on behalf of the organization * Interpersonal – involves human interaction.
* Figurehead – perform ceremonial and symbolic duties
* Leader – Direct, motivate, and counsel staff through communication * Liaison – Maintain communication outside organizations who provides information and favors. * Decisional – involves decision making
* Entrepreneur – search for new business opportunities and initiate new projects in an effort to create change * Disturbance handler – taking corrective action during emergencies, crises, and other conflicting times. * Resource allocator – provides funds and other resources to units and people. Make and approve significant organizational decisions. * Negotiator – Participate in negotiations with parties inside and outside of the organization. These functioning managing roles were an essential part of the Wal-Mart organization from the opening day of Sam Walton first store. They have proven to be...