Management in all business and organizational activities is the act of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively.
Management can also be defined as working with and through individuals and groups to accomplish organizational goals. Management as defined applies to organizations, whether they are business, educational institutions, hospitals, political organizations or even families. To be successful these organizations require management personnel to have interpersonal skills. The achievement of organizational objective through leadership is management. Thus everyone is a manager in at least certain functions of his or her life.
Management operates through various functions, often classified as planning, organizing, staffing, leading/directing, and controlling/monitoring
PLANNING: Involves setting goals and objectives for the organization and developing “work maps” showing how this goals and objectives are to be accomplished.
ORGANIZING: Involves bringing together resources, people, capital and equipment in the most effective way to accomplish the goal. Organizing therefore involves integration of resources.
STAFFING: Job analyzing, recruitment, and hiring individuals for appropriate jobs.
LEADING/DIRECTING: Determining what needs to be done in a situation and getting people to do it.
CONTROLLING: involves feedback of result and follow up to compare accomplishment with plans and to make appropriate adjustment where outcomes have deviated from expectations.
MOTIVATION: Motivation is also a kind of basic function of management, because without motivation, employees cannot work effectively. If motivation doesn't take place in an organization, then... [continues]
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