Mana and Kaitiakitanga

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Hauora

Unit Standard 15305
Identify, explain, and analyse hauora terminology based on kaitiakitanga and mana

By Jing

Introduction

In Maori society, mana can be defined as power, prestige or authority, which refers to four- point framework including mana atua, mana tangata, mana whenua, or mana Maori. Another word – kaitiakitanga – is about the expression of protection, control and guardianship over personal Hauora wellness. In this first part of report, I was trying to introduce two important Hauora terminologies in terms of mana and kaitiakitanga. In addition, a variety of examples would be chosen in order to explain the meaning of terminologies. There are five terms relate to mana and kaitiakitanga which will be highlighted to discuss how each relate to a specific Haoura outcomes in the second part. Six issues (including three positive and three negative) is going to explain within Hauora. NZQA

Contents

1. Introduction ………………………………………………………………………………… 2

2. Question 1: 5 terms relating to Mana …………………………………………….……….. 3

3. Question 2: 5 terms relating to Kaitiakitanga ………………………………………..…….4

4. Question 3: Examples based on mana and kaitiakitanga terms ……………………..…... 6

5. Question 4: 5 terms relate to Hauora Outcomes ………………………………………….. 7

6. Question 5: 3 positive and 3 negative issues based on Hauora Outcomes ……...…………9

7. Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………………...….. 11

Question 1: 5 terms relating to Mana

1. Te tapu and noa

Although tapu is often described as a state of sacredness, it also has the more general meaning of being special or restricted. http://www.mcnz.org.nz/portals/0/publications/coles/005%20-%20george.pdf (1) In the Tikanga Maori book, written by Hirini Moko Mead (foundation professor of Maori at Victoria University), he described personal tapu is the most important spiritual attribute, which is inherited from the Maori parents and comes with the genes. Self-protection is closely connected with tapu and the attribute of mana. It was said that as the mana of an individual grows, the tapu rises at the same time because mana is allied to tapu. If the level of personal tapu is at a steady state, the individual is well in both a physical and psychological state. Mead, H. M. (2003). (2)

Noa is often paired with tapu indicating that often noa refers to restoring a balance, unrestricted. A high level of tapu is regarded as dangerous. The role for tikanga and tohunga is to reduce th level of dangerous tapu until it is noa. However, it is not plainly the case to think of noa as being opposite or the absence of tapu. For instance, a person could be very tapu if one got very sick or there was bleeding. That one still has personal tapu even though the increasing of tapu symptoms have passed lead the person to return to the safe state. Health is restored after a crisis passes, which means a balance has been reached (the state of noa). Mead, H. M. (2003). (3)

2. Mana tangata

According to The New Zealand Auction Plan for Human Rights, human rights (mana tanga) underlie our expectation about our education, work, life, and health. The essence of mana tangata is rights, control, and authority that are emanated directly from human. Injury or illness attributable to human activities, deaths through warfare, lifestyle changes affecting exercise, nutrition, and sanitation are all connected to Maori Hauora. Mana tangata relates to mana because it is an acknowledgment of acquired skills and inheritance (mana) which influence certain people to direct the daily activities in order to towards higher quality of life within Maori community. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/plan_actions/docs/New_Zealand.pdf (4)

3. Mana “house nigger”

According to Amanda Cameron’s article – Health book tells Maori to smoke – on Maori health, the term of "house niggers" was describe as the people who have been brainwashed by Pakeha and kept tamed...
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