Mama Day

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Ronnie Love
December 3, 2010
Mama Day
"Granny Midwives and Black Women Writers: Double-Dutched Readings," African American Review 33:1 [Spring 1999] p.155-156
by Valerie Lee
Introduction: the similarities and differences in Song of Solomon and Gloria Naylor's Mama Day discover the ways in which to theorize the ''politics of identity, race, and class'' By relating the chracters such as Pilate and Naylor's Miranda to real-life stories of Black, Southern midwives (called granny midwives) I. double-dutch reading

A. two ropes turning in opposite directions from each other, yet remaining in sync 1. Pilate, the famous literary midwife in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon, functions as conjure woman, healer, mother, sister, necessary pariah, and caretaker of the community 2. Miranda in Mama Day represents History and Tradition

II. Race

A. European
1. Colonial oppression not of ethinc backgrounds
B. American
1. Western Norms to forget midwives or extinction as a direct result of twentieth-century changes in medicine and state regulations. C. African
1. Tradition – mid wifes were customary

III. politics of identity
A. Black women writers have waged a counter-discourse war against hegemonic notions of health, ethnicity, and gender which forced the granny midwife out of real medicine and into figurative texts B. Writings didn’t reflect reality but History

C. Womenist Theology
1. a religious conceptual framework which reconsiders and revises the traditions, practices, scriptures, and biblical interpretation with a special lens to empower and liberate African-American women in America. 2. the act of theorizing through a spiritually based ethic of activism and caring

IV. Class
A. Midwifes were considered to a symbol of wealth later changed

V. Writings reflect reality
A. Social Problems
B. Nature of imperialism- Violent
C. Colonial oppression - is a set of unequal...
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