Maslow’s Theory of Needs
Abraham Maslow, known as the Father of Humanistic Psychology, came up with the idea of what constitutes positive well-being. He developed a theory of needs and gratification. Maslow is most recognized by most people for his theory of the hierarchy of needs. The theory is mostly displayed in the form a pyramid, making it simple to understand. Though easy to understand his ideas do go in depth. The hierarchy of needs is widely referenced to almost all theories of nursing and practice today. The pyramid can be used as the most simple yet most useful plan of care.
Abraham Maslow was born on April 1 1908, became a psychologist in 1931 when he received his masters degree in psychology. He later became a colleague under Sigmund Freud’s in 1934. It was during this time that most of his own work was being researched and developed between the years 1937-1951. He wrote on the subjects of the hierarchy of needs, self-actualization, metaneeds, and peak experiences. He died in 1967 from a heart attack but he and his work are regarded as a great pioneer to psychology.
The hierarchy of needs is a theory of needs in which the means to the end is self-actualization. But what is a need, and what needs is Maslow referring to? His theory begins with the most primitive basic needs as living organisms, to the most complex as a species of self-awareness, language, rational and logical thinking, referring to us human beings. In order to live we must strive for the basic needs in life such as air, food, water, sex, homeostasis, and excretion. Once those needs are met with gratification, then can we move on to the next necessities of more complexity such as love, safety, self-esteem and self-actualization. These needs though must be met with gratification, Maslow states that if we don’t obtain these needs with gratification then we glutton over them without satisfaction. To understand this more, if needs were not properly met, it is the...
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