Malnutrition: a Major Threat

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Prepared By: Farhad Ahmed Chowdhary Nastasia Millet Shivya Manna Shweta Karkoon Shyam Maheshwari

"There can be no keener revelation of a society's soul than the way in which it treats its children" - Nelson Mandela

Agenda - Generation NEXT
• Introduction & understanding of
– – – – – Child Education Child Nutrition Child Labor Child Abuse Child Trafficking

• • • • • •

Causes of these issues Stakeholders who are responsible Framework design Impact on the society and economy Initiatives taken by corporations Conclusion

Child Education

UNICEF definition
Early childhood is defined as the period from birth to eight years old. A time of remarkable brain growth, these years lay the foundation for subsequent learning and development.

UNICEF’s framework on education Rights-based, child-friendly schools  Helps children realize their rights to basic education  Helps them face the challenges of new century  enhances their health and well-being  Guarantee them safe and secured space for learning  Free from violence and abuse

Two characteristics of “A rights-based, child-friendly school” It is a child-seeking school Actively identifying excluded children to get them enrolled in school It is a child-centerd school Acting in the best interests of the child, leading to the realization of the child’s full potential

World Statistics of Child Education

Statistics on Education and Income

Child Nutrition
Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs.

Importance of Nutrition
• Micronutrient deficiencies • Less risk of chronic disease

Role of Nutrition

Effects
• Good nutrition – an adequate, well balanced diet combined with regular physical activity – is a cornerstone of good health. • Poor nutrition (Malnutrition) can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity

Types of Malnutrition
• Over nutrition:
• Under nutrition: not just about the lack of food, influenced by three factors – food, care and health. – Stunted – Wasted – Underweight

Manifestation of Inadequate Nutrition
• Stunted (Age)
– Identify severe acute malnutrition

• Wasted (height)
– Chronic exposure to deficiencies

• Underweight (Weight)
– sensitive indicator of Acute deficiency

Child Labor
“Child labor is defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.” (ILO)

Source: United States Department of Labor’s Bureau of International Labor Affairs 2011 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor

Source: SIMPOC: calculation based on 16 countries

Child Abuse
According to CAPTA (Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act)

“Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation, or an act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm”

Types
5 Main Categories:• Physical abuse • Sexual abuse • Neglect and negligent treatment • Emotional abuse • Exploitation

Key Findings

Children Trafficking

UN General Assembly (2000) also known as PALERMO PROTOCOL
ACT • • • • Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons MEANS • Threat or use of force, • coercion, • abduction, • fraud, • deception, • abuse of power or vulnerability, or • giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim PURPOSE • Exploiting the prostitution of others, • sexual exploitation, • forced labour, • slavery or similar practices and • the removal of organs

= CHILD TRAFFICKING

Children are Trafficked
• Labour exploitation
– work on plantations, in mines, hazardous conditions

• Domestic work
– Servant

• Sexual exploitation
– 2500% increase in arrests in 10 years. (FBI)

• Military conscription
– Used as messengers,...
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