Males Who Join Gangs

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Table of Content

Introduction ………………………. ………………………..3 a) Problem Statement
b) Significance
Literature Review…………………………………………... 7 a) History……………………... ………………………..8 b) Youth Gangs ……………………………………...... 11 c) Gang Breakdown…………………………………… 14 Why do Males Join Gangs……………………………….... 16 a) Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs……………………. 17 Personal Interview……………………………………….... 22 Effects of Gangs…………………………………………... 24 Conclusion and Recommendations………………………... 25 References………………………………………………… 26

Introduction

The dramatic change and increase in gang activity, has left those to wonder, why they do it? Gang memberships provide and enhance prestige and status. Gangs provide other attractive opportunities such as the chance for excitement many youth see themselves as making a rational choice in deciding to join a gang; they see personal advantages to gang membership, for some youth, gangs provide a way of solving social adjustment problems, particularly the trials and tribulations of adolescence.

According to The National Youth Gang Surveys, there are approximately 24,500 gangs in the U.S. in 2007 according to the youth gang survey there were750, 000 gang members; by the year 2009 gang memberships had increased by 25%, making it One million gang members in 2009. (Egley, A., June 2005). The common age of gang members is from 14- 21 years of age. Gang members however can be as young as 8 years old or as old as their mid 30’s, some could be older. Recruitment into gangs usually starts in middle school where the ages range from 10 to 13. 90% to 94% of gang members are males. There are just about 360,000 teenage boys and 560,000 adult males. 80% of male gang members are incarcerated. 90,000 boys are in some kind of detention facility, work camp, residential placement or correctional facility. 9 out of 10 boys in detention have some level of gang affiliation. (Egley, A., June 2005) Every city in the U.S. with at least 250,000 people has gang activity. 86% of those with at least 100,000 people report gang activity. Some 33,000 violent street gangs, motorcycle gangs, and prison gangs with about 1.4 million members are criminally active in the U.S. today. Many are sophisticated and well organized; all use violence to control neighborhoods and boost their illegal money-making activities, which include robbery, drug and gun trafficking, fraud, extortion, and prostitution rings. There are a number of different factors that lead to gang involvement. 68%- 78% of Incarcerated gang members have emotional and learning disabilities. (David, M.Osher. 2005); other factors include school failure and truancy, Not being involved in positive activities after school, having and knowing friends who are delinquents, having early age involvement in petty theft, and behavioral disorders in grade school, or low income. According to surveys of crime victims, gang members commit about 6% of non-fatal violent crime, or 370,000 out of 6.6 million violent crimes in the U.S. (Egley, A., June 2005)

A gang is a group of teens and young adults that hang out together and are involved in joint violent, illegal, or criminal activity (wisegeek.com). They generally give themselves a common name or symbol, and they often choose to wear a certain type of clothing or to display some other identifying item. Juveniles that are in gangs are more likely to commit serious and violent crimes. Gangs differ from one another, some can be highly organized and heavily involved in drug sales, others can be small and loosely organized, and have little or no involvement in drug sales. Some of these gangs are divided into informal cliques or subgroups (OJJDP 2012).

Problem Statement

Male Juveniles who join gangs usually grow up in neighborhoods in which the level of social amalgamation is low. Among family variables, poverty, absence of biological parents, low parental attachment to the child and low parental supervision, can all increase the...
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