Male Underachievement

Topics: Secondary education, Gender, Gender role Pages: 156 (49509 words) Published: February 5, 2011
Boys’

Underachievement in Education
An ExplorAtion in SElEctEd commonwEAlth countriES
By Jyotsna Jha and Fatimah Kelleher

Gender Section Social Transformation Programmes Division Commonwealth Secretariat Marlborough House Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5HX United Kingdom E-mail: gad@commonwealth.int www.thecommonwealth.org/gender Commonwealth of Learning 1055 West Hastings, Suite 1200 Vancouver, British Columbia Canada V6E 2E9 E-mail: info@col.org www.col.org

© Commonwealth Secretariat and Commonwealth of Learning, 2006 This publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording or otherwise provided the source is referenced and it is used only for educational purposes and is not for resale. The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the official position or policy of the Commonwealth Secretariat, the Commonwealth of Learning or any other agency or government identified.

Publication editor: Tina Johnson Cover and layout design: Alex Hennig Printed by Ultratech Printing Ltd, Vancouver, Canada Co-published by the Commonwealth Secretariat and the Commonwealth of Learning Copies of this publication may be ordered direct from: The Publications Manager Communications and Public Affairs Division Commonwealth Secretariat Marlborough House Pall Mall, London SW1Y 5HX United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 20 7747 6342 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7839 9081 E-mail: publications@commonwealth.int www.thecommonwealth.org/publications ISBN: 0-85092-845-1 / 978-0-85092-845-7

Boys’

Underachievement in Education
An ExplorAtion in SElEctEd commonwEAlth countriES
By Jyotsna Jha and Fatimah Kelleher

AcKnowlEdgEmEntS

Acknowledgements are due to: Dr Tony Sewell (the lead consultant and coordinator of the case studies) and his team of researchers, including Ms Emma Charlton, Ms Pulane J Lefoka and Ms Elaine U Lameta for undertaking the research and preparation of the first set of reports. Prof David Plummer, Prof Mark Figueroa and Ms Helena Fehr for providing helpful feedback on the first draft. Ms Pauletta Chevannes for reviewing the Jamaican case study and providing useful information. Ms Ann Keeling and Dr Henry Kaluba for their support and encouragement. And all the others who contributed by providing information and preparing the final report.

boys’UNDErACHIEVEMENT

contents
list of Acronyms and Abbreviations ...................... xi Foreword ..................................................... xiii

pArt i: croSS-countrY AnAlYSiS 1. introduction and Background ........................... 3 the issue ......................................................................................... 3 participation ............................................................................... 4 performance ............................................................................... 8 understanding and Addressing the issue ........................................ 8 gender Equality in Education and Boys’ underachievement ..................... 9 how the report is Structured ............................................................ 11

2. what the Existing literature Says ................... 13
common theories and practical Analyses............................................ 13 gender identity: debating masculinity ................................................ 16 gender roles and the ‘Feminisation of Academia’........................... 17 male role models ...................................................................... 19 teacher Expectations ................................................................. 21 Single Sex or co-education? ....................................................... 21 the interaction of Socio-Economic Factors and gender ......................... 22 Economics, class and gender identity .......................................... 23 Ethnicity, language and gender...
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