What Type of Males are Affected by Eating Disorders?
Men with eating disorders tend to have dependent, avoidant, and passive-aggressive personality styles, and to have experienced negative reactions to their bodies from their peers while growing up. They tend to be closer to their mothers than their fathers. It is concluded that "in our culture, muscular build, overt physical aggression, competence at athletics, competitiveness, and independence generally are regarded as desirable for males, whereas dependency, passivity, inhibition of physical aggression, smallness, and neatness are seen as more appropriate for females. Boys who later develop eating disorders do not conform to the cultural expectations for masculinity; they tend to be more dependent, passive, and non-athletic, traits which may lead to feelings of isolation and disparagement of body."
What Eating Disorders do Males Suffer From?
The typical eating disordered male has a strong need to be accepted, perfect, and beautiful. So, many of them push themselves in order to achieve their desires . Because of the extreme pushing, these males develop eating disorders. Like females, men too suffer from both anorexia and bulimia. More recently, a new type of disorder was developed, particularly for men. This disorder is called Muscle Disphormia.
Anorexia Nervosa can be defined as a psycho physiological disorder usually occurring in young women that is characterized by an abnormal fear of becoming obese, a distorted self-image, a persistent unwillingness to eat, and severe weight loss. Self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, malnutrition, amenorrhea, and other physiological changes often accompany it . The American Heritage Dictionary gives a very accurate definition of anorexia nervosa, but like many other sources, they purposely exclude males from it. This is a huge problem because men everyday suffer from such eating disorders. The typical anorexic male is usually active and has anxiety about sex. They are also more preoccupied with food and weight, are perfectionists, and have more discrepancies with their physical appearance . They may also suffer from medical conditions such as anemia, chronic liver damage, hypokalemic alkalosis as a result of induced vomiting, and impotence . Because males weigh more on average than women, anorexia has the potential to be more dangerous if a males' body weight drops too low. One of the largest problems facing male anorexics is the ability...