Malcom X & Mlk Compare & Contrast

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., African American, Southern United States Pages: 5 (1750 words) Published: March 6, 2013
Malcolm X & MLK Essay

Malcolm X and Martin Luther king Jr are arguably the most well-known and first to be said or thought about African American individuals throughout history. They fought for what they stood for and both men did it in many different ways. As we all know in history there are no two great men that are alike. Their many beliefs may have blossomed from the households they came from and how they grew up. Many people have compared these two African-American activists as well as saw what they had in common.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. King grew up in a middle class family and was well educated. Martin Luther King Jr. was always against violence, throughout his entire ministry. He always stood his ground, and he stood out because even though he may have been physically attacked, he never reacted with violence. Martin Luther King Jr. followed the Christian faith. One of the many accomplishments by Martin Luther King jr. was the civil rights acts was the March on Washington, this portrayed the different perspectives, methods and ways Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X handled things. The March on Washington took place on August 28, 1963. More than 20,000 people came to march from Washington to the Lincoln memorial in Washington D.C. This march happened to be one of Martin Luther King Jr.’s greatest accomplishments throughout his life. This event is where he took the face of the civil rights movement. Even in a time of violence, King would never act out. King wanted all the races to come together for the hatred and violence to be put to a complete stop. MLK’s approach to civil rights and equality was non-violent protesting, speaking out for non-violence, passive resistance. Martin Luther King called these act’s weapons of love. King based a lot of his methods and strategies on how he approached things from Gandhi. Gandhi used these methods years earlier in his protests against British control in India. Martin Luther King goal when using nonviolence was not to defeat or humiliate the opponent but rather to win him or her over to understanding new ways to create cooperation and community. He thought that Non-violent resistance is not for cowards. It is not a quiet, passive acceptance of evil. One is passive and non-violent physically, but very active spiritually, always seeking ways to persuade the opponent of advantages to the way of love, cooperation, and peace. He also believed that using nonviolent resistance, one learns to avoid physical violence toward others and also learns to love the opponents with agape or unconditional love. This is love given not for what one will receive in return, but for the sake of love alone. It is God flowing through the human heart. Agape is ahimsa. He stated that “Non-violent resistance is based on the belief that the universe is just. There is God or a creative force that is moving us toward universal love and wholeness continually. Therefore, all our work for justice will bear fruit – the fruit of love, peace, and justice for all beings everywhere.”

Malcolm X grew up in an underprivileged environment that was very hostile with barely any schooling. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little on May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska. Malcolm X was a Muslim, and believed in Muslim principles. His most famous line was “By any Means Necessary”. He believed in fighting back physically. Whatever had to be done to get freedom he was all for it whether it be violence or nonviolence. Although later in life he visited Jerusalem, and met other Muslims. He changed his views, and became nonviolent. Malcolm X had a different perspective regarding the march. He felt that integration would destroy the black and the white man. He felt that American blacks should be more concerned with helping each other. He also felt blacks should start by giving the same race self-respect first. He did not agree with what King had to say, he felt that kings dream...
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