Malcolm X

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Malcolm X

Malcolm X

By: Miles Pruitt
Book: Autobiography of Malcolm X
Author: Alex Hailey and Malcolm X
Publisher: Grove Press
Published: 1965

By: Miles Pruitt
Book: Autobiography of Malcolm X
Author: Alex Hailey and Malcolm X
Publisher: Grove Press
Published: 1965

During the 1960's in the United States, there lived a man who would make Civil Rights history. Malcolm X, or El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, was born Malcolm Little May 19, 1925 in Omaha, Nebraska as the fourth of seven children. At an early age, “Malcolm witnessed the brutal torture and murder of his father at the hands of the Klu Klux Klan (Hailey 12)”. This event secured Malcolm Little’s hatred for White men. Malcolm’s mother, Louise, had a mental breakdown and she was sent to Kalamazoo State Hospital for 24 years leaving Malcolm to be sent to live in Boston with his older sister. In Boston, Malcolm engaged in mischief such as drug dealing and robbery. Over the next few years, he was sent to jail several times and in 1946 Malcolm was arrested and sentenced to 8 to 10 years in prison for stealing. During this time he learned about the Nation of Islam and the significance of Malcolm X’s experiences in his early years set a precedent for his adult years in politics and history. The Nation of Islam goals were to improve the spiritual, mental, social, and economic condition of African Americans in the United States and all of humanity. Being a very large, yet close-knit group, the Nation worships in mosques, which are found all around the United States and the world. Malcolm was drawn to the nation after hearing its’ leader. Elijah Muhameed, peach the word based on Allah; Allah being the God of the Muslim’s. It is said that Allah is considered a god to the Muslims, and some Arab Christians being the creator of earth and sole divinity of the world; like in Christianity, Allah is worshipped as the one god, the one sole, who is to be followed and obeyed by its’ followers.

Malcolm X impact on the modern world is still felt even today. His teachings and worships expanded the globe from the Black Muslim to the White man. Malcolm made many enemies and many friends but his accomplishments place him as one of the greatest Civil Rights leaders of the 20th century; he gave us hop and a future in a world that has evolved and gave us the tools and stepping stones to accomplish many things to keep open minds about ourselves and to be leaders, not followers.

Malcolm X is a significant American because he was a teacher for his followers. Having such a commanding presence, Malcolm would teach his followers the way of “Allah”. He also taught his people of Black Militarism; being involved in Black power or supremacy. "Malcolm X as a follower of the Nation of Islam is taught the forum of black supremacy that could persuade the racist people of the United States to give equality to all, but, yet this problem still isn't resolved to this day." While Malcolm X supported Black Militarism, Martin Luther King didn’t believe that the Civil Rights issue would be resolved with this action. MLK did not believe in violence to solve segregation; he believed demonstrating peacefully was the answer. Malcolm’s radical methods attracted media attention whether it was his rants against the U.S. government to his criticism of Elijah. Elijah Muhammad was the leader of the Black Muslims. “The honorably Elijah taught his followers how to cure the Black man spiritual, mental, moral, economic, and political sickness” (Hailey 223). Malcolm was hearing the teachings of Elijah and he was opening his eyes into the world of the Black Muslim. After becoming a Nation of Islam member in the late 1950’s, Malcolm caught the attention of several agencies like the FBI and CIA. The two could have been planning Malcolm’s assassination or working with the Nation of Islam. They had always thought that Malcolm was a “Communist” and much like Martin Luther King Jr., they could have killed...
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