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Malcolm Knowles

By | March 2013
Page 1 of 2
According to Malcolm Knowles there are four “distinct contexts” that motivates adults who

want to learn. The four contexts are Practical, Personal, Experiential and Idealistic. First we'll start

with Practical. Practical motivation describes that the adult learner motivated their self by personal

gain. The learner wants to learn something new but at the same time knowing it could be helpful now

or later down the road. Personal context is when the learner has personal goals he/she wants to

achieve. Experiential context motivation is the time when you want to learn from your past mistakes

and use the knowledge you gained for the future challenges the adult learner might encounter. The last

learned motivation context is Idealistic. Idealistic motivation is when the learner wants to learn

everything instead of one goal at a time.

My choice of motivational context is experiential because when I was younger I was troubled.

I would run away from home, hit my mom, curse at her, and hang out with the wrong crowd. You

name it and I did it. Eventually she sent me back to live with my dad because she couldn't take it

anymore. My dad disciplined me and taught me to respect my elders. Now that I'm an adult, my mother

has no respect for me because of what I had done to her in the past. We don't talk unless it's at a family

get together like Christmas or Thanksgiving. I remember when I was 15 years old, we lived in Washington State. I ran away for a month and was doing things I shouldn't have been doing. When I went back to my mom's, she told me to pack my bags that I was going to live with my dad. On the way to the airport I called her every name in the book, punched her and jumped out of the car on the freeway. Unfortunately she still sent me on my way to live with my dad. My daughter is already following in my foot steps at the age of six and that's not something I want to happen to her. I can take what happened with my past...
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