Malay Language Learning Strategies of Various Ethnic Students Outside the Classroom

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 66
  • Published : January 16, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
MAlAY LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES OF VARIOUS ETHNIC STUDENTS OUTSIDE THE CLASSROOM

ZAMRI MAHAMOD

d-zam@ukm.my

WAN HAZENAH WAN ISMAIL
wanhazenah@yahoo.com

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to examine language learning strategies (LLS) of students from various ethnic groups in Malaysia for learning the Malay language out of the classroom (OC) based on their performance, demographic factors and the four language skills. Data was collected using a self-report questionnaire. The questionnaire was distributed to 858 Form 4 students who were selected based on a stratified random sampling technique. The sample, comprised 300 students from Selangor, 270 students from Sarawak and 288 students from Sabah. The subjects selected were students who had obtained grades. A or B in their PMR 2004 Malay Language paper. The respondents were required to elicit language learning strategies that they usually employ in learning the Malay language out of the classroom in improving their listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. The questionnaire data was analysed using descriptive statistics such as frequences, percentages, means and standard deviations. A one-way ANOVA, t-test and correlations were used in the inferential statistics (significant level p.005 significant level for listening skill (KD), verbal skill (KT), reading skill (KB) and writing skill (KTs), where they has significant level P>.000. This shows that SPB in each language skills has a strong connection with the students’ ethnic group.

TABLE 2 The relationship between SPB of four language skills used by students while learning BM out of classroom and students’ ethnic group

|Language skill |Ethnic |N = 858 |Mean |Standard deviation |F |Significant level | |Listening skill |- Peninsular’s Malay |100 |3.52 |.647 |12.964 |.000 | | |- Peninsular’s Chinese |100 |2.98 |.725 | | | | |- Indian |100 |2.91 |.659 | | | | |- Sarawak’s Malay |50 |3.38 |.666 | | | | |- Iban |50 |3.40 |.721 | | | | |- Bidayuh |50 |3.03 |.462 | | | | |- Melanau |50 |3.20 |.704 | | | | |- Other ethnic of Sarawak |20 |3.33 |.529 | | | | |- Sabah’s Malay |50 |2.50 |.897 | | | | |- Kadazan |50 |3.92 |.462 | | | | |- Dusun |50 |3.67 |.661 | | | | |- Bajau |50 |3.82 |.326 | | | | |- Other ethnic of Sabah |38 |3.72 |.639 | | | |Verbal skill |- Peninsular’s Malay |100 |3.02 |.606 |6.703 |.000 | | |- Peninsular’s Chinese |100 |2.77 |.749 | | | | |- Indian |100 |2.59 |.707...
tracking img