Making Gender Equality a Reality

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Making gender equality a reality

The history of the world serves as a testimony that, in the days of yore, men were considered as the bread-winners and women as the nest-builders. As far as women were concerned, they were entrusted the responsibility to transform the brick-made house into a love-made home. The men had only to support the family financially. In fact, the women were stigmatised as homely-made furniture in the eyes of men. Unfortunately, this patriarchal trend still prevails in this so-called revolutionized world, where women are, once again, characterized as inferior. If the world has really undergone a revolution, then why this corrupt attitude towards women has not yet changed? However, the law has as its main motive to preserve and promote human rights, and gender equality is the crux of those rights. Gender equality does not only stand as a process of equal valuing of the roles of women and men, but more precisely, as a practice to overcome the obstacles of prejudices so that both sexes are subject to the economic, social, cultural and political developments of the society. It simply aims at equal perception, equal empowerment and equal responsibility in all spheres of life. One can be surely flabbergasted to acknowledge that achieving gender equality necessitates the presence of men; those men, because of whom, the word gender inequality came mostly into existence. Notwithstanding it is an incontestable fact that gender inequality includes both sexes, yet women are the most vulnerable to these disparities.

The equality of men and women has become one of the fundamental constituent of human rights, ever since the adoption of the United Nations Charter in 1945. As stated by the Gender and Development group, gender inequality tends to lower the productivity of labour and the efficiency of labour allocation in households and the economy, thereby aggravating the unequal distribution of resources. Thus, it is of a prime importance for all Governments to combat this phenomenon as far as possible. In line with this, the Government of Mauritius enacted a law against sexual discrimination in 2000, and a further law in 2003, to combat sexual violence. On an international basis, there were also many agreements to promote gender equality such as the Convention of the Elimination of all forms of Discriminations against Women (CEDAW) in 1979, the world conference of human in 1993, the Millennium Development Goals [goals 3] of the UN in 2000, inter alia. There are also institutions involved, for instance, the Women in Development (WID), which focuses on raising the knowledge and skills of women to overcome social, economic and political disadvantages, as well as the Gender and Development (GAD), which offers an approach in gender planning in all aspects of development programs. Subsequently, all these were made to ensure a better equality between the two sexes.

Had all those mentioned laws, conventions and institutions been successful in achieving their aims, the urge for gender equality would have, long ago, been subsided. However, it is still a continuing and challenging task and we have long way to go. Imagine a world without any differences in gender; the world would have just been a haven of cordiality. For instance, no job would be entitled as male-dominated, no women would be characterized as incompetent and inferior, every developing country would have an equal enrolment ratio in all its education sectors, amongst others. However, all these are just a utopian vision of life. Life is, actually, a contradiction to almost all the things that we...
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