Theoretical conceptions of the development and maintenance of MDD stem from both the behavioural (e.g. Ferster, 1973; Jacobson, Martell, & Dimidjian, 2001; Lewinsohn & Libet, 1972) and cognitive (e.g. Beck, 1967) paradigms. In this report the core principles of each paradigm will be reviewed, followed by an exploration of specific depression models proposed by key researchers from each position. In addition to this exploration, the application of the cognitive model as a cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) will be outlined. Finally, relevant literature regarding the effectiveness of CBT for MDD will be reviewed. This review will analyse the efficacy of CBT strategies in comparison to alternate MDD therapies, culminating in conclusions... [continues]
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