Major Dams in India

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  • Topic: Dam, Western Ghats, Hydroelectric power stations in India
  • Pages : 24 (6652 words )
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  • Published : February 22, 2011
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A dam is a barrier that impounds water or underground streams. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water, while other structures such as floodgates or levees (also known as dikes) are used to manage or prevent water flow into specific land regions. Hydropower and pumped-storage hydroelectricity are often used in conjunction with dams to provide clean electricity for millions of consumers. It can also be used to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations.

Hoover Dam, a concrete arch-gravity dam in Black Canyon of the Colorado River. Lake Mead in the background is impounded by the dam. (Below the picture of Hoover dam.)

1) Tandula Dam is located in Chhattisgarh in India. It is located 5 km from Balod in Durg district. The dam project was completed in 1921 in the confluence of Tandula and Sukha Nala rivers. The dam stores water from catchment area of 827.2 km2. The gross storage capacity of the reservoir is 312.25 million cubic meter and the highest flood level is 333.415 m. 2) Kadra Dam is situated in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state in India. The dam is constructed across river Kalinadi. The dam was primarily built as hydroelectric project for supply of water to turbines of electric power generating station. 3) Rihand Dam is located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India. It is on the border of Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. It is on the Rihand River which is the tributary of the Son River. 4) Chimmony Dam is situated in Thrissur District of Kerala state of India. The dam was constructed across the Chimmony river at 75 m above the sea level. Consequent to the construction of the dam, an artificial lake has been formed with an area of 10 and 20 m depth. 5) Mandira dam is located in Orissa, India. It is built across Sankh River. It is located 16 km upstream from Madira. The water from the dame is used for Rourkela Steel Plant. Construction of the dam began after 1957. 6) Sondur Dam is located in Chhattisgarh in India. It was constructed in 1988 across Sondur River. The catchment area of Sondur River up to the dam is 518 km2. 7) Tenughat Dam, earthfill dam with masonary-cum-concrete spillway, was constructed across the Damodar River and inaugurated in 1973. It was constructed by the Government of Bihar, outside the scope of Damodar Valley Corporation. It is 55 metres (180 ft) high and around 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) long. It supplies water to the Bokaro industrial area. 8) The Morvi dam burst is the worst flood disaster to happen in independent 9) Bhoothathankettu is a dam and tourist site in Kerala, India. It is situated in the village of Pindimana, It is connected to the Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary. There is no railway access to the site; access to the site is through the greenish and thick forest. The name Bhoothathan Kettu, means "monster dam"; past generations believed it was built by a Bhootham (monster). 10) Gangrel Dam is located in Chattisgarh, India. It is built across Mahanadi River. It is located in Dhamtari district, about 90 km from Raipur.[1] 11) Bhakra Nangal Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, near the border between Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. The dam, located in the village of Bhakra in the Bilaspur region of Himachal Pradesh, is Asia's second largest at 225.55 m (740 ft) high next to the 261m Tehri Dam also in India. The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m; it is 304.84 m broad. In terms of storage of water, it withholds the second largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m. 12) The Mettur Dam is a large dam in Tamil Nadu in India built in 1934 .The dam is one of the oldest in India. It provides irrigation facilities to a part of Salem, the length of Erode, Namakkal, Karur, Tiruchirappali...
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