Major Approaches to Clinical Psychology

Topics: Major depressive disorder, Psychotherapy, Dysthymia Pages: 9 (721 words) Published: February 16, 2015
MAJOR APPROACHES
TO CLINICAL
PSYCHOLOGY

Psychology
480

INTRODUCTION
 D e pre s siv e D is o rde r s
 Major Depressive Disorder
 Dysthymic Disorder
 Bipolar Disorder

 M ajo r ap p ro ach e s t o cli ni cal ps y ch o lo g y
 Psychodynamic
 Origins and Goals
 Treatment and Strategies
 Eff ectiveness of treatment

 Cognitive/Behavioral
 Origins and Goals
 Treatment and Strategies
 Eff ectiveness of treatment

 Humanistic
 Origins and Goals
 Treatment and Strategies
 Eff ectiveness of treatment

 Family Dynamic
 Origins and Goals
 Treatment and Strategies
 Eff ectiveness of treatment

https://www.cihs.edu/wordpress/wpcontent/uploads/2011/12/GREEK-PSI4.jpg

DEPRESSIVE DISORDER DEFINED

Depression
Defi ned
Depressive
Disorders
 Major Depressive
Disorder
 Dysthymic Disorder
 Bipolar Disorder
http://www.thetelegram.com/media/photos/unis/2013/12/10/
2013-12-10-10-15-02-A1-depression.jpg

PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH
Origins
 Psychodynamic
Perspective
 Neo-Freudian
Perspective
 Object Relations
Perspective

Strategies
 Role of the
unconscious
 Dream analysis
 Free Association

Goal
 Divulge depressive
trigger
 Positive
reinforcement

Treatment
 Coping mechanisms
 Medication
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COGNITIVE/BEHAVIORAL APPROACH
Origins
 Aaron Beck
 Martin Seligman
 B.F. Skinner

Strategies
 Identify/Monitor
dysfunctional automatic
thoughts
 Recognize connects
among thoughts,
emotions, and behaviors
 Evaluate negative
automatic thoughts
 Substitute interpretations
for distorted attributions

Goals
 Identify positive
automatic thoughts
 Develop rational
responses to stress
 Identify/alter
dysfunctional
assumptions
 Identify negative
reinforcers

Treatment
 Positive reinforcers
 Structured learning

HUMANISTIC APPROACH
 Origin
 Rogers, Maslow,
and May
 Phenomenological
Approach

 Strategies
 Self-Actualization
 “Here and Now”
 Active
listening/empathy

Goals
 Congruence

Treatment
 Psychotherapy

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FAMILY DYNAMIC APPROACH
Origin
 Treatments and
research
 Virginia Satir
 Salvador Minuchin

Strategies
 Family therapy
 Communication
approach
 Structural approach
 The Milan approach
 The strategic approach
 Narrative approach

Goal
 Improved
communicaiton

Treatment
 Family focused
treatment

CONCLUSION
 Recap of Depression
 Recap of Major approaches
 Eff ectiveness of Major approaches

REFERENCES
Ko w a l s k i , R. , & We s t e n , D . ( 2 0 1 1 ) . P s y c h o l o g y ( 6 t h e d . ) . H o b o ke n , N J : J o h n Wi l e y & S o n s , I n c .
P l a n t e ,   T.   G . ( 2 0 1 1 ) .   C o n t e m p o r a r y C l i n i c a l P s y c h o l o g y   ( 3 rd   e d . ) . H o b o ke n , N J : J o h n Wi l e y & S o n s .
Mor, N., & Hana, D. (2009). Cognitive-behavioral therapy for d e p re s s i o n .   T h e I s r a e l j o u r n a l o f p s y c h i a t r y a n d r e l a t e d sciences , 46(4),
2 6 9 - 2 7 3 . Re t r i e v e d f ro m h t t p: / /
s e a rc h . p ro q u e s t. c o m . e z p rox y. a p o l l o l i b r a r y. c o m / d o c v i e w / 3 6 6 2 8 2 3 6 1 ? a c c o u ntid=458
H u g h e s ,   J . , & A s a rn o w ,   J . ( 2 0 1 1 ) . Fa m i l y Tre a t m e n t S t r a t e g i e s i n Ad o l e s c e n t D e p re s s i o n . P s y c h i a t r i c A n n a l s ,   4 1 ( 4 ) , 2 3 5 - 2 3 9 . Re t r i e v e d f ro m h t t p : / / d x . d o i . o rg . e z p rox y. a p o l l o l i b r a r y. c o m / 1 0 . 3 9 2 8 / 0 0 4 8 5 7 1 3 - 2 0 1 1 0 3 2 5 07...
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