Maintaining a Healthy Body

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In 2011 the main diseases responsible for the highest percentage of deaths within Northern Ireland were cancer, diseases of the circulatory system such as heart disease and strokes and also diseases of the respiratory system such as pneumia. 1

The World Health Organisation call these diseases Non – communicabe diseases (NCD’S) and stated that NCD’S accounted for 63% of deaths worldwide in 2008 and by 2030 they will exceed communicabe diseases to becoming the most common. 2 The World Health Organisation goes on to state that there are 4 major risk factors that account for the rising number of NCD’S. These factors are an unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, misuse of alcohol and tobacco use. The report sets out to explore what governments and health organisations can do to reduce the risks and prevent NCD’S. 2

This assignment is going to look at how these factors affect the body and how with lifestyle changes the individual can reduce and prevent the effects of what World Health Organisation are calling an epidemic. 2

Obesity has been a wide known subject for a number of years. It is estimated 60.8% of adults in the UK are obese 3 and costing the NHS £51 billion a year! 4 So what is obesity? Obesity is classed as having a body mass index (BMI) of more that 30. BMI is measured by weight in kg divided by height in metres. Obesity is caused when the body takes more energy in calories than it needs. When the body has enough energy to function it then starts to store excess calories as fat. 5 Being overweight or obese the body is prone to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, types of cancer, stroke and diabetes type 2. 6

To prevent the body from having excess fat it needs to have a healthy diet. To have a balanced diet the body needs the right amount of carbohydrates, protein, fat, fibre and also plenty of vitamins and minerals. 7 The body needs to eat plenty of the food groups to provide it with the right amount of the above. 8Eating...
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