Mahatma Gandhi and Nonviolent Resistance
In this paper, I would like to examine the movie ‘’Ghandi”. Mohandas Gandhi was born in 1869 in India which was a colony of the British Empire. The life of young Mohandas centered on his mother, who taught him about the Hindu doctrine of ahisma, which is the refusal to do harm and the duty to do good. This belief was foundation for the bold and courageous acts that led to Gandhi’s fame as a proponent of nonviolence resistance.
“It is better to be violent, if there is violence in our hearts, than to put on the cloak of nonviolence to cover impotence.”
Gandhi’s first significant encounter with the discrimination based on the color of his skin occurred, not in his native India but in South Africa. In 1893 as a young attorney he accepted an offer to work for one year for an Indian firm as an attorney. He bought a ticket to travel first class, as was the custom for lawyers. His pleasant journey was interrupted because a white passenger objected to his presence in the first-class compartment. When a conductor asked Gandhi to move to the luggage compartment, Gandhi refused, stating that he had a first-class ticket. The conductor called a policeman, who pulled him out of the first-class compartment and ordered him to go to the rear compartment. Gandhi again refused and was dumped off the train along with his luggage; he was forced to sit all night in a cold waiting room. This incident painfully introduced Gandhi to the indignities that Indians in South Africa and India have endured. “Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat, for it is momentary.”
Despite the violence and beatings, Gandhi insisted that the correct response was love for the opposition. His ability to maintain the loyalty of followers from the diverse segments of Indian society won him deep respect. Gandhi made plans to lead a raid on government salt mine. Not long before the scheduled raid, he was arrested; but...