Short Chronology of Gandhi’s Life
Source: The Gandhi Reader, edited by Homer A. Jack, Samata Books, Madras, 1984
Born at Porbandar, Kathiawad, son of Karamchand (Kaba) and Putlibai Gandhi.
Attended primary school in Rajkot, where his family moved.
Betrothed to Kasturba (called Kasturba in her old age), daughter of Gokuldas Makanji, a merchant.
Entered high school in Rajkot.
Married to Kasturba.
Father died at age of 63.
Passed matriculation examination at Ahmedabad and entered Samaldas College, Bhavnagar, Kathiawad, but found studies difficult and remained only one term.
First of four sons born.
Sailed from Bombay for England to study law.
Summer. Returned to India after being called to bar. Began practice of law in Bombay and Rajkot.
Sailed for South Africa to become lawyer for an Indian firm.
Found himself subjected to all kinds of color discrimination.
Prepared to return to India after completing law case, but was persuaded by Indian colony to remain in South Africa and do public work and earn a living as a lawyer.
Drafted first petition sent by the Indians to a South African legislature.
Organised Natal Indian Congress.
Returned to India for six months to bring back his wife and two children to Natal.
Sailed for South Africa with family. Was mobbed when he disembarked at Durban for what Europeans thought he wrote about South Africa when he was in India.
Organised Indian Ambulance Corps for British in Boer War.
Embarked with family for India, promising to return to South Africa if Indian community there needed his services again.
1901 – 1902
Travelled extensively in India, attended Indian National Congress meeting in Calcutta, and opened law office in Bombay.
Returned to South Africa after urgent request from Indian community.
Summer. Opened law office in Johannesburg.
Established the weekly journal, Indian Opinion.
Organised Phoenix Settlement near Durban, after reading Ruskin's Unto This Last.
Organised Indian Ambulance Corps for Zulu "Rebellion".
Took vow of continence for life.
First satyagraha campaign began with meeting in Johannesburg in protest against proposed Asiatic ordinance directed against Indian immigrants in Transvaal.
Sailed for England to present Indians’ case to Colonial Secretary and started back to South Africa in December.
Organised satyagraha against compulsory registration of Asians ("The Black Act").
Stood trial for instigating satyagraha and was sentenced to two months' imprisonment in Johannesburg jail (his first imprisonment).
Was summoned to consult General Smuts at Pretoria; compromise reached; was released from jail.
Attacked and wounded by Indian extremist, Mir Alam, for reaching settlement with Smuts.
After Smuts broke agreement, second satyagraha campaign began with bonfire of registration certificates.
Arrested for not having certificate, and sentenced to two months' imprisonment in Volksrust jail.
Sentenced to three months’ imprisonment in Volksrust and Pretoria jails.
Sailed for England again to present Indians' case.
Returned to South Africa, writing Hind Swaraj en route.
Established Tolstoy Farm near Johannesburg.
Began penitential fast (one meal a day for more than four months) because of moral lapse of two members of Phoenix Settlement.
Helped campaign against nullification of...
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