Madrasa Study

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BANGLADESH EDUCATIONAL ASSESSMENT
Pre-primary and Primary Madrasah
Education in Bangladesh

Prepared by:

Amr Abdalla, Ph.D. A. N. M. Raisuddin, Ph.D. Suleiman Hussein, M.A. With the assistance of Dhaka Ahsania Mission
Photo Credit: Seth Spaulding, Ph.D.

Prepared for: Basic Education and Policy Support (BEPS) Activity United States Agency for International Development Contract Number: HNE-I-00-00-0038-00
Creative Associates International, Inc. Prime Contractor

July 2004

The content and conclusions of this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the policies and opinions of the
United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

Pre-primary and Primary Madrasah Education in Bangladesh

TABLE OF CONTENTS
List of Tables………………………………………………………………………………...…..iii Glossary of Terms……………………………………………………………………………….iv List of Acronyms ........................................................................................................................... v Executive Summary ..................................................................................................................... vi I. Background ........................................................................................................................... 1 A. Alia Madrasahs ................................................................................................................ 2 B. Qawmi Madrasahs............................................................................................................ 7 C. Pre-primary Madrasah Education: Maktab/Nourani and Furkania/Hafizia Madrasahs... 7

II. Methodology And Process.................................................................................................... 9 A. Targeted Research Groups............................................................................................... 9 B. Geographical Sample Design......................................................................................... 12 C. Student, School Staff, and Parent Sample Design ......................................................... 13 D. Factors that Facilitated the Research Process ................................................................ 14 III. Findings................................................................................................................................ 15 A. History ........................................................................................................................... 15 B. Types of Madrasahs ....................................................................................................... 18 C. Legal and Financial Status ............................................................................................. 20 D. Mandates and Purpose ................................................................................................... 22 E. Formal Education Linkages............................................................................................ 25 F. Public Perception ........................................................................................................... 31 IV. Summary And Conclusions................................................................................................ 40 V. Bibliography………………………………………………………………………………42

Annex I…………………………………………………………………………………………..43 Annex II………………………………………………… ………………………………………47 Annex III…………………………………………………………………………………….......55

Basic Education and Policy Support (BEPS) Activity Creative Associates International, Inc.

ii

Pre-primary and Primary Madrasah Education in Bangladesh

LIST OF TABLES Table 1: Table 2: Table 3: Table 4: Table 5: Table 6: Table 7: Table 8: Table 9: Alia Madrasah System Primary and Ebtidai Curriculum Subjects Ebtidai Student Enrollment Number of Parents Surveyed Number of Grade One to Five Madrasah and Primary School Students Surveyed...
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