State Profile of Madhya Pradesh
POPULATION (2001 census)
SEX RATIO (females/1000 males)
DENSITY OF POPULATION (Persons/ Square Km)
URBAN POPULATION %
LITERACY RATE (census 2001) in %
MALE LITERACY in %
MALE LITERATE in numbers
FEMALE LITERACY in %
FEMALE LITERATE in numbers
BIRTH RATE (PER 1000) (2002)P
DEATH RATE (PER 1000)
NSDP at current prices (2002-2003)* Rs Crores
| 71387 Rs Crores *(2002-2003)
| PER CAPITA NSDP (2002-03) at current prices Rs
| 11438 Rs *(2002-2003)
| USEFUL INFORMATION Economic Activity:
Agriculture - 46%
State priority areas: Electronics; Minerals, food and agriculture industries; telecom; Auto. Investment Strengths: Proactiveness in seeking investment; non-disruptive labour environment; connectivity to large northern and western markets Road length per 1000 km : 460
Cell phone/ 100 persons: 0.29
Railway track length /00 sq km: 1.3
Surfaced roads/ 00 sq km: 20.8
Gwalior, Jabalpur, Bhopal and Indore are the domestic airports. Panna, and Khandwa are the two non operational airports in Madhya Pradesh.
MAJOR INDUSTRIES * OPTICAL FIBRES
* PAPER AND PULP
* TYRE AND TUBES GASES
* ELECTRONIC GOODS
Madhya Pradesh: Introduction & Overview
Madhya Pradesh was formed on November 1, 1956 comprising the seventeen districts of –Mahakoshal, two districts of Bhopal, eight districts of Vindhya Pradesh, Sixteen districts of Madhya Bharat. At the time of its formation, the state had 43 districts. Subsequently, two large districts were bifurcated .Sixteen more districts were formed in the year 1998. The Chhattisgarh region, comprising of 16districts, was separated to form a new state as per the provisions of Madhya Pradesh Re-organization Act, 2000 and recognized State of Madhya Pradesh came into existence on 1st November 2000. Again Three new districts i.e. Burhanpur, Ashok Nagar and Anooppur were formed in the year 2003.
The total geographical area of the state is now 308 thousand sq. km. Madhya Pradesh is Situated in the very heart of India and it is surrounded by five states viz. Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh.
During the past five years the incidence of poverty in the State (including Chhattisgarh) has Declined from 42.52 in 1993-94 to 37.43 in 1999-2000 as against 26.10 per cent for the country as a whole. The State was the third poorest among 15 non-Special Category States in the year 1999-2000, the first being Orissa with 47.15 per cent, followed by Bihar with 42.60 per cent. The incidence of poverty in rural areas is substantially lower than in urban areas. In 1999-2000 the percentage of population living below poverty line in rural areas was 37.06 as against only 38.44 for urban areas. Historical record reveals the fact of it being ruled by a number of famous empires of India. The empires included the Mauryas Empire to the Mughals and later off course by the British. During the rule of the Mughals, famous musician Tansen of Madhya Pradesh used to be the official singer of the Mughal Samrat Akbar's court. There are many interesting legends and folklore related to Tansen and Birbal in the court of Akbar. Madhya Pradesh is...
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