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Home arrow Chapter 14 arrow Learning Objectives
After reading Chapter Fourteen the student should be able to: # Explain the reasons for the changes in the world's population growth commencing in the 18th century. # Discuss the Malthus theorem and identify key issues in the debate between New Malthusians and Anti-Malthusians regarding the specter of overpopulation. # Compare and contrast the principle element of the Malthus theory (exponential growth) to the principle elements of demographic transition. # Explain why there is starvation around the world.
# Explain why people in the Least Industrialized Nations have so many children and note the implications of different rates of population growth. # Outline the key demographic variables used in estimating population growth. # Apply the basic demographic equation to world population growth. # Discuss urbanization and how and why cities developed.
# Identify the characteristics of metropolises, megalopolises, megacities, and metropolitan statistical areas. . # Discuss urbanization in the U.S. including population shifts since the dominance of the agricultural society. # Compare and contrast the three models of urban growth.
# Explain why some people living in large urban areas feel a sense of alienation while others find community. # Describe the five different types of people who live in the city as identified by sociologist Herbert Gans. # Describe ways in which city people create a sense of intimacy for themselves in large urban areas. # Explain why the norm of noninvolvement and the diffusion of responsibility which help urban dwellers get through everyday city life may be dysfunctional in some situations. # Discuss the major changes facing U.S. cities regarding suburbanization, disinvestment, and deindustrialization. # Identify "push" and "pull" factors behind the rural rebound. # State the guiding...