Macquarie Bank has been recognised as one of the most prestigious banks in Australia and around the world. Macquarie was established in Australia in 1969, it began operations in Sydney in January 1970 with only three staff. Macquarie Bank first opened its doors for business on 1 March 1985 with a retail branch in Sydney. Today, Macquarie Bank operates in a range of investment banking, commercial banking and selected retail financial services markets both in Australia and overseas. It is the only substantial, majority Australian owned investment bank and is a licensed trading bank under the Australian Banking Act 1959 (Macquarie History, 2007). Macquarie Bank has been consistently associated with a stream of major financial innovations, which have underpinned its reputation as a market leader. Their main focus that has helped them in their success is their risk management department as well as their focus on select markets on which they enter. The Macquarie culture is represented by the way in which they work together. The values to which they aspire can be summarised in six principles: integrity, client commitment, strive for profitability, fulfilment for our people, teamwork, and highest standards. Macquarie Bank’s commitment to the six principles is vital for continued growth and prosperity (Macquarie, About Macquarie, 2007)
Operating Environment: The Macro Environment
Political and legal forces
Political and legal forces hold a great impact on all industries that wish to operate legally within a country. Regulatory groups are required within the banking industry to assist in the stable operation of a nation. A major regulator would be The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority (APRA). Various other major political and legal forces which solely influence the banking industry include The Australian Bankers’ Association (ABA), The Australian Securities and Investments commission (ASIC) and The Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA). APRA was created to be an advisory figure in the regulation of the Australian financial services industry. This group “oversees banks, credit unions, building societies, general insurance and reinsurance companies, life insurance, friendly societies, and most members of the superannuation industry” (APRA, 2007). “The ABA works with its members to provide analysis, advice and advocacy and contributes to the development of public policy on banking and other financial services” (ABA, 2007). The ABA acts as a union for banks and ensures that the banking industries views are heard, when the government decides to alter policies or legislations. The ABA also helps to strengthen the benefits of competition to Australian banking customers.
ASIC’s task is to enforce and regulate companies and financial services laws in order to protect the customers as well as the investors and creditors. ASIC exists to regulate; “Australian companies, financial markets, financial services organisations and professionals who deal and advise in investments, superannuation, insurance, deposit taking and credit” (ASIC, 2007).
“The RBA’s main responsibility is the monetary policy” (RBA, 2007). The board members make the policy decisions with the aim of gaining a low and stable inflation over the medium term. According to the RBA website, the other major goals include; maintaining financial system stability and promoting the safety and efficiency of the payments system. The RBA also acts as a banker to the Australian Government and actively participates in financial markets, manages Australia’s foreign reserves and issues Australian currency notes.
Changes in the financial status of markets overseas, drops or increases in interest rates overseas, and even new political regimes can all affect organisations around the world. Global forces which have recently held an effect on Macquarie bank would be the current drop in the US economy which has affected markets all around the world. The...