Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince
In Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince, Machiavelli advises leaders in the mid 1500’s on how to be efficient and effective leaders. Machiavelli explains to these rulers different strategies on how to maintain their position, handle the problems that often arise in their state, protect their land, and how to express themselves in front of their citizens. Machiavelli is debatably one of the most famous political figures ever to arise in Europe. His opinions on how to run a country are both liked and disliked by the reader, making it one of the most famous works of European literature ever.
Throughout the course of the book, Machiavelli gives suggestions on how the ruler can positively impact his country. First, Machiavelli suggests that the prince should lead under one type of government and one government only, a monarchy. A monarchy is when only one person leads a country by himself/herself. Machiavelli clearly states that he believes a republic government is unsuccessful and inefficient. He thinks that modern leaders should look to the leaders of the past as role models. Time and time again, Machiavelli emphasizes the importance of war and its strategies. He says the ruler should always be prepared for war, because war is eventually inevitable. He says that the longer it takes a state to prepare, the more time the enemy has to prepare for the war. Machiavelli also touches on the idea that a prince needs to try to gain the loyalty of his people. This way, the citizens will never try to overturn the prince from his throne. He advises the prince to avoid any altercations, because if the prince is despised, then the citizens could easily rebel. A prince needs to treat everybody fairly in order to maintain stability with his citizens. A prince should always seek the advice of others to make the citizens feel like they can trust their ruler. However the prince needs to use his judgment to decide if the advice is...