For centuries evil was defined by human preoccupation, and it was often
indicated in the English literature. From Beowulf to Macbeth, people's
perception on the nature of evil had matured and became more complex.
In Beowulf's period, evil was simply defined based on outer appearances and
actions. The author of Beowulf described the evil Grendel as a fearsome monster:
"He(with sharp claws) snatched up thirty men, smashed them." For the same
reason, Grendel's mother was also considered evil although she merely wanted to
revenge her son. The last evil character in the story was the Dragon. He
killed the Geats and burned their homes with his breath of fire. Monster and
evil certainly had the same meaning in the Pre-Christian time.
As Christian was introduced, a new definition of evil that concentrated on
human values and thoughts had emerged. The Christian believed that the seven
deadly sins were the cause of evil. Thus in the play Macbeth, Macbeth's tragic
flaws were actually the deadly sins. They were greedy and envy. Macbeth was not
satisfied with his current position, "Thane of Glamis," and not even his newly
gained "Thane of Cawdor" would please him. He had only one thing on his mind,
the throne. When he became the king, he envied Banquo's having heirs who would
be rivals for the throne. The Christian also developed the theory of the great
chain of being. It basically stated that a person could not and was not allowed
to change his social status. Thus in the play, everyone eventually turned
against Macbeth, who had broken the great chain of being by taking the throne
from the rightful king. At the end, Macbeth died as an evil being who had
broken all the Christian rules.
The nature of evil also became unclear as it got more complex. In Macbeth,
the play began with the three witches' meeting. To a first-time reader, it
would appear that these "weird sister" were the... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(1999, 10). Macbeth and Beowulf: Evil Defined by Human Preoccupation. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 10, 1999, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Macbeth-Beowulf-Evil-Defined-Human-Preoccupation-3806.html
"Macbeth and Beowulf: Evil Defined by Human Preoccupation" StudyMode.com. 10 1999. 10 1999 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Macbeth-Beowulf-Evil-Defined-Human-Preoccupation-3806.html>.
"Macbeth and Beowulf: Evil Defined by Human Preoccupation." StudyMode.com. 10, 1999. Accessed 10, 1999. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Macbeth-Beowulf-Evil-Defined-Human-Preoccupation-3806.html.