Macbeth and King

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In the monarchical society in Macbeth, the king is a direct representative of god and became king by divine right. There is a strong theme or order in Macbeth and if an offence against the king has been committed then it as seen as an offence against god. The king was the representative of moral and social welfare of his subjects. There are four main examples of Kingship in Macbeth. Firstly there is Duncan, who became king by divine right and is full of the king becoming graces which were cited by his son, Malcolm in Act 4 ‘as justice, verity, temperance, stableness, bounty, perseverance, mercy, lowliness’. Duncan rules with celestial force and approval. While all his subjects may not love him and relinquish to his rule there is no disputing his goodness. Even in the beginning of the play we can see some over trusting issues surrounding Duncan as Cawdor and Macdonald deceive him. This could be seen as weak but it only adds to the nobility of the fair, just king. In a very biblical method he punishes the wicked and rewards the good. He awards Macbeth the title of Thane of Cawdor and reassures Banquo of upcoming greatness when he says ‘I have begun to plant you’. Not even the self-made king can dispel Duncan’s decency “The Lord's anointed temple.” While we are confronted with good kings at each corner, Macbeth is a prime example of the potential evil poses to the throne. Macbeth is a character that had essentially began as a good man, ‘noble Macbeth’ but the lust for power drove him to the evil side of kingship. Unlike Duncan Macbeth has taken the throne forcibly. It is not divine right that has named him king but the stench and aura of the witches’ black magic. Macbeths reign exemplifies the potential for evil in this play. Macbeth who as king is supposed to protect his people in turn kills them if they oppose him. His insecurities and hyper vigilant state result in the murder of many innocents, such as Banquo, Macduff’s wife and child and is the reason why...
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