In Macbeth Act IV scene 1 lines 111-134, William Shakespeare heightens the themes of guilt and conscience and order and disorder, Shakespeare also furthers Macbeth’s character in his ambition all through the utilization of punctuation, imagery, and irony through royal imagery. In this passage, Macbeth speaks to the wïerd sisters and they speak back to him, the passage ends with a soliloquy. We already know going into this section of the play as previously discussed by my colleagues Keegan and Alex, that Macbeth has gone under quite a change. Out of fear and paranoia, he has decided to seek out the witches in search of the answers of his future. Although macbeth has experienced this change, his guilt of the murder of Banquo is evident in this passage. Macbeth has just been given his prophecy and this bonus hallucination is given by Shakespeare as a glimpse into Macbeth’s state of mind.
The First device shakespeare utilizes is punctuation. With one quick glance at these lines, Shakespeare's vast use of punctuation is immediately evident. In these lines there are six periods, nine exclamation points, five colons, two semicolons, nine commas, and five question marks. Firstly, shakespeare utilizes exclamation points, which are only found in Macbeth’s lines to display Macbeth’s surprise in the hallucinations he is witnessing, this surprise then brings Macbeth to question what the witches are showing him, hence the use of question marks. For example, in line 115, Macbeth asks “why do you show me this?” and before his question can be answered, yet another hallucination of a king enters. A similar event occurs at line 118. Usually when there is a comma used, there is another thought which follows, this occurs when Macbeth says “and yet the eight appears, who bears a glass” “Banquo smiles upon me, and points at them for his” when the witch says “I’ll charm the air to give a sound, while you perform your antic round” and “that this great king may kindly...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document