Act IV, scene i
1. Compare the witches’ speech pattern with Macbeth’s.
2. What effect is Shakespeare creating by altering the speech patterns like this?
3. Describe the three apparitions and the significance of each? The first apparition tells Macbeth to beware and be afraid of Macduff, the first apprtion is
very impatient does not want to be there. It looks like a head wearing a armored helmet.
The second apparition is a bloody child tells macbeth no one born from a woman will harm
him meaning no one can ever physically harm him.
The third apparition is a child wearing a crown and holding a tree, it tells macbeth that no
one will ever harm him as long as Birnam Wood doesnt march to fight Macbeth at
4. What, after this, does Macbeth resolve?
The predicitions from the apparitions are very contradictory, one says to beware Macduff
then another says no one will harm him, if this is true then Macduff is no threat and even
the third tells Macbeth that no one will harm him aslong as this unbelievable thing happens.
Macbeth comes to the conclusion that he must kill Macduff for no reason really just
because he can. Again he is playing the role of death.
5. Pleased with the information, what one further thing does Macbeth desire to know and what is
the answer he gets?
Macbeth wants to know if Banquos sons will ever be kings but he is no longer worried
about them taking him over. The weird sisters refuse to tell him either because they have
no idea or that they do not want Macbeth to know and drive himself crazy over the "truth"
6. What is the significance of this scene?
That Macbeth is going crazy and his conscience is catching up to him but in a very
different way. Macbeth is very suspicous of everything and everyone around him I am
beginning to believe that Macbeth may have a mental illness such as schizophrenic
paranoia or may be bipolar, or it could just be he is regretting his decision.
7. What news does Lennox give to Macbeth?
Lennox tells Macbeth that Macduff has left to go to England there is no real reason known
at this point.
8. What is Macbeth’s response?
Macbeth is angered wishing he could of killed Macduff earlier, but he sees the upside in
this situation saying he will go to Macduffs castle or home and kill his wife, his children and
anyone fortunate enough to be able to take the throne is Macduff were ever king. Assuring
himself that Macduff and his family will never rule.
9. What is his resolve at the end of this scene? How is this different from his previous actions?
Macbeth is more risky without thinking much he is determined to kill Macduff, his family,
and his town just because he can. Macbeth sounds like he is ready to do this actions
himself without a hint of remorse, very different from when he killed Duncan just one man
and now he is talking about the slaughter of hundreds including innocent women and
Act IV, scene ii
1. What does Shakespeare achieve with the conversation between Ross and Lady Macduff?
Lady MacDuff is shown as very emotional and rash, no one knows why Macduff left and his
wife is very distraut and upset. Ross is Lady Macduffs cousin and he is there to try to
comfort her but realizes that there is only so much he is able to do so he leaves. Ross tells
her to be strong and if he had stayed longer Macduffs son would of never been murdered.
Ross tells her that Macduff would not of left for no reason there is a rational reason but
when Macduff left he was selfish leaving his family to fend for themselves.
2. What is the purpose of the exchange between Lady Macduff and her son?
It shows the sons optimism, and his faith in his father. The son is very loyal and is not
quick to judge compared to his mother who has no faith and acts as though Macduff meant
nothing to her and she is not hurt how replacable he is to her. Lady...
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