Topics: Romantic music, Ludwig van Beethoven, Orchestra Pages: 5 (1495 words) Published: July 24, 2012

1. Identify the distinctive stylistic features of Romantic music.

The romantic era (1800-1850) in music is made by large pieces of work that start to make bigger orchestras with bigger sounds. This music places a strong point on “stirring emotions” within the listener, and doesn’t have to do with the emotion of “love”. Romantic composer made this by writing more complicated music. They use key changes, dissonance, and chromatics a lot. This was done by improving instruments that was played in music theory and teaching how to write music. Beethoven played a major part in bringing music into this new style, and his 3rd symphony is a prime example. Few Romantic composers were Schumann, Chopin, Rossini, and Tchaikovsky.

Few characteristics of Romantic music are intense expression of emotions, more freedom in the structure (form) of the music, more complex use of tone and rhythm, larger orchestras/developments in wind instruments, greater technical virtuosity, sense of “nationalism” in musical styles, and links music with other art forms.

2. Discuss the romantic orchestra, program music, nationalism, and exoticism.

Romantic orchestra has a wider range of instruments and pitches. It has many more players than a classical orchestra. Romantic orchestra was used in different ways. For example, composers start to use more adventurous techniques like flutter-tonguing on the woodwind instruments and col legno on string instruments. Romantic orchestras have larger brass and percussion section.

Program music is a musical composition that is to depict or suggest nonmusical incidents, ideas, or images, such as those drawn from literature. An example would be Tchaikovsky’s Romeo and Juliet, or from works of art.

Nationalism is the use of musical ideas or motifs that symbolizes with a country, region, or ethnicity, such as folk tunes and melodies, rhythms, and harmonies that is inspired by them. Musical nationalism can also be the use of folklore as a basis for programmatic works including opera.

Exoticism is a genre in which the rhythms, melodies, or instrumentation are designed to evoke the atmosphere of far-off lands or ancient times.

3. Describe how Romantic composers used expanded range of dynamics, extended tonal space, increased tempo, and a variety of forms ranging from miniature to monumental.

4.Discuss the role of the piano in classical music and genres of romantic piano music such as nocturne, etude, polonaise The piano evolved from the harpsichord in the early 1700s. In the mid 1800s, the instrument change in tone, range, pedals to become similar to the piano today. The role of piano in classical music evolved over time as the instrument itself did. Solo pieces was longer, complex, and technically demanding. The piano been used with combining imaginable instruments. They were featured in concertos during the Romantic period. The piano is featured as a solo instruments with a full orchestra. Beethoven, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninov, and Grieg wrote notable romantic piano concertos.

Nocturne was a romantic character piece for piano written in a melancholy, somber style. It is made of expressive melody played over a broken, moving chord pattern. Chopin took the idea from John Field (Irishman) who was credited with writing the first nocturnes.

Etude means “study” in French. Etude was to address a specific area of technique in an instrument, and use as exercise for practicing. Few composer have written impressive Etudes for many instruments that often made it to concert programs.

Polonaise was a Polish dance that was thought to have originally use in court ceremonies and processions. Bach, Beethoven, and Schubert all experimented with the Polonaise. Chopin was the one that brought the style into a state of heroic nationalism.

5. Discuss the art song and it’s forms.

Art song is the human voice in a natural instrument with amazing capabilities. Speech and music been together since the...
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