M3.23 Managing Health and Safety at Work
Review of Health and Safety Roles and Responsibilities
Cambridge Dictionary defines health and safety as “a set of rules intended to protect people from illness or injury caused by their work.”
Identify two pieces of legislation relating to health, safety and welfare relevant to your workplace The two pieces of legislation which I am going to identify is COSHH and Health and Safety at Work. COSHH – The meaning of the word COSHH is Control of Substances Hazardous to Health. From 2002 COSHH has been a statutory regulation which means that all workplaces must have one in place. For every substance used a COSHH data sheet must be accompanied, this will have a vast amount of information ranging from the contents to the health risks. (I have attached an example of a Durham County Council COSHH data sheet see appendix 1). Hazardous substances can cause serious injury, illness or could even be fatal, COSHH laws require employers to control substances that are hazardous to health, this can be prevented and also to protect employees by finding out what the health hazards are, deciding how to prevent any harm to health by using a risk assessment. Employers can also provide control measures such as personal protective equipment for example rubber gloves to reduce any risks of health and making sure they are used at all times. The maintenance of the control measures must be in good working order, this is very important because if the equipment used to prevent harm to health is damaged or faulty this could be potentially very dangerous for the person(s) using the substance. One of the most important measures to prevent any incident is to provide information and training to employees.
* To educate them on what they are using.
* What they are using it for.
* The health risks involved.
* First Aid advice if the substance is inhaled, ingested, spilt on skin or injected into eye.
Other control measures that can be considered when monitoring COSHH is: * Elimination – Elimination of substances that are not necessary or surplus to requirement. * Substitution – Substitution of a substance to eliminate or reduce risks.
Health and Safety at Work – “The Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 is the primary piece of legislation covering occupational health and safety in Great Britain.”
Employers have a duty under the law to ensure the health and safety and welfare of their employees at work. The duties must include the following:
* Making the workplace safe and without risks to health. This can be done by carrying out risk assessments for the tasks that employees are to undertake and also any substances they are to use. * Ensuring plant and machinery are safe and that safe systems of work are set out and followed. This basically means the plant and machinery are not faulty and are also serviced on a regular basis; an example of this in the leisure centre is making sure PAT testing is done every year on all electrical appliances. * Ensuring articles and substances are moved, stored and used safely. Chemicals should be locked away with correct signage in place to warn people that there are hazardous substances in the area. * Providing adequate welfare facilities. Employers are under law to provide rest areas for staff when they take their break. This could include cooking facilities such as a microwave and kettle as well as a staff toilet and washroom. * Giving the employees the information, instruction, training and supervision necessary for health and safety. Employees need the relevant information and guidance when carrying out their relevant duties. An example of this in the leisure centre is when cleaning a piece of equipment they need to be instructed on the following:
* How to clean the equipment...
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