M2 - Unit 7 Health and Social Care

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Use different sociology perspectives to discuss patterns and trends of health and illness in two different social groups. (M2). The black report was published in 1980, and it included different facts about how health can be improved from all different backgrounds in different social groupings. There is still a co-relation between social class and infant mortality rates, life expectancy and inequalities in the use of medical services. This was such an important piece of research. This report looked at the differences between health and illness. Sociologists from this very day still use the black report to look at inequalities of health because it was that significant and influential. It also focused on people’s lifestyles, environment and where they lived. There are four different explanations which are: * Statistical artefact

* Natural or social
* Cultural and behaviour
* Material or structural
Different researches do believe that there is a link between social class and also health. It is a statistical illusion and also it has been argued that there isn’t really a pattern in social class, age and peoples employment that has had an impact on people’s health inequalities. Statistical artefact

This is a relationship that shows how different systems have been used and measured. lower class have a much higher morbidity and mortality rates which are compared the higher class that only work in offices and call centres. Researchers have found that age and employment have to be taken into account because there is still a link that has been found that shows social class that have higher levels of mortality and morbidity rates. Natural or social selection

This explanation claims that class does not cause ill health but ill health can have an impact because of social class. People who are fit and healthy are more likely to become more successful in their life and can also go in to the higher class category. Social drift can happen when people have...
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