MANUAL OF ARMS FOR THE RIFLE (M-1 GARAND)
In describing the manual of arms, the term, “at the balance”, refers to a point on the rifle just forward of the trigger housing. Whenever a position is described as “diagonally across the body”, the rifle barrel is up. The butt is in front of the right hip, and the rifle barrel crosses a point opposite the junction of neck and left shoulder. The rifle is grasped at the balance with the left hand. Hold palm of hand toward the body with wrist straight. The cadence for rifle movement is quick time. In the early stages of training give full attention to the details of the motions. Cadence is acquired gradually as handling the rifle is mastered. Sometimes the instructor may require counting aloud in cadence with motion. The manual of arms is taught at the halt. For the purpose of instruction, it may be taught BY THE NUMBERS. To add interest to the drill or to prevent fatigue in long marches, right shoulder to left shoulder (or left shoulder to right shoulder), or port arms may be given when marching at attention. POSITION OF ORDER ARMS
Rest the butt of the rifle on ground with barrel to rear. Hold toe of the butt against right shoe and on line with the toe. Hold rifle between thumb and fingers of right hand, keeping the open part of the hand to the front and hand and forearm behind the weapon. Hold left hand as in the position of attention.
TRAIL ARMS FROM ORDER ARMS
From order arms, the command is “TRAIL ARMS”. At the command, “ARMS”, raise the rifle 2 inches and incline the muzzle forward so that the barrel makes an angle of about 15 degrees with the vertical. Hold right arm slightly bent. ORDER ARMS FROM TRAIL ARMS
From trail arms, the command is “ORDER ARMS”. At the command “ARMS”, lower rifle with right hand and resume the order.
PORT ARMS FROM ORDER ARMS
At order arms, the command is “PORT ARMS”. At the command “ARMS” which is the count of (one) in this movement, raise the rifle with the right hand and carry it diagonally across the front of the body until the right hand is in front and slightly to the left of the face. The butt of the weapon is in front of the right hip, with the barrel up. The barrel crosses a point opposite the junction of neck and left shoulder. At the same time, grasp rifle at the balance with the left hand, palm toward body with wrist straight and fingers joined. (Two) Move right hand to the small of the stock, grasping it, palm down, holding the right forearm horizontal; left elbow rests against the body. The rifle is held approximately 4 inches from and parallel to the body.
PRESENT ARMS FROM ORDER ARMS
At the order arms, the command is “PRESENT ARMS”. At the command “ARMS”, which is the count of (one) in this movement, carry the rifle in front of the center of body with right hand. The barrel is to the rear and vertical. Grasp the rifle with left hand at the balance, the forearm horizontal and resting against the body. (Two) Grasp the small of the stock with the right hand.
ORDER ARMS FROM PRESENT ARMS
At present or port arms, the command is “ORDER ARMS”. On the command “ARMS”, which is the count of (one) in this movement, move right hand from its grasp on the stock and regrasp the weapon between the upper sling swivel and stacking swivel. (Two) Release the grasp of the left hand, lower rifle to the right so that the butt is 3 inches from the ground, barrel to the rear, left hand with fingers extended and joined steadying the rifle. Keep forearm and wrist straight and inclined downward. (Three) Complete the order by lowering rifle gently to the ground with right hand. Cut away the left hand smartly to side. Lower rifle gently but smartly. Do not thrust it down forcibly. PRESENT ARMS FROM PORT ARMS
At port arms, the command is “PRESENT ARMS”. At the command “ARMS”, lower and twist the rifle with the right hand, moving the rifle to a vertical position...
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