One type of discrimination which occurs regularly is Racism. Racism can be defined as possessing certain views, carrying out practices or actions which reflect the belief that humanity is divided into ‘groups’ and that members of a certain ‘race’ share certain attributes which make that group as a whole less desirable, more desirable, inferior or superior. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racism 17/05/13 Sadly, some individuals take their views too far and have acted out violent attacks on innocent people, purely because of their ethnic background, for example, the case of Stephen Lawrence.
Stephen was a Black British man from Eltham in south east London, who was murdered in a racist attack while waiting for a bus on the evening of 22 April 1993. It was suggested during the course of that investigation that the murder was racially motivated and that Stephen was murdered purely because he was black. Initially, no one was arrested after the attack which then led to questioning about the handling of the case by the Police and the Crown Prosecution Service who were then themselves accused of institutional racism (according to the 1999 McPherson report). The investigation into Stephen's death was found to have been marred by professional incompetence and categorical errors. The general public were outraged when they learned that the Police had dismissed Stephen’s attack as some type of gang war, (and failed to carry out even basic duties such as collect evidence and data from the scene )when infact, he was brutally attacked while innocently trying to make his way home. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_Stephen_Lawrence
There have been several changes in the aftermath of the attack on Stephen Lawrence. Initially, the effects on public attitudes towards the Police and the way they handle race related crimes in Britain. It left many people (particularly from ethnic backgrounds) very angry, questioning whether they could put their trust in the British system any longer and if it operated in a fair and democratic manner?
However, on a positive note, it led to the Introduction of Race Relations Act 2000 and a recruitment drive for police officers from an ethnic background in a bid to show that the institution of the Metroplitan Police are not racist which has been successful in some respect. http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2013/apr/22/stephen-lawrence-murder-changed-legal-landscape A recent poll by the British Future showed that ‘’ nearly 60% of the British public believed the police response to such cases is now quicker, fairer and less racist. The police say that much has changed over the past decade and there is now a firm desire throughout policing, especially within its leadership, to tackle racism more robustly’’http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/metropolitan-police-still-institutionally-racist-20-years-after-stephen-lawrence-murder-black-police-leaders-say-8581873.html
M1 Assess the effects on those using the service of three different discriminatory practices in health and social settings However, even Black police officers themselves argue that little has actually changed in the wake of the Stephen Lawrence case and that the police are still infact guilty of institutional racism This argument comes from the Metropolitan Police’s Black Police Association (MBPA) who have claimed that Britain’s...