Sex discrimination is a very serious offence which offers certain advantages due to the gender of an individual. Companies have tried to exterminate sexual discrimination over the years as it can create serious problems to the reputation of the business. Furthermore, the company can lose huge amounts of money, if sued by someone who believes they have been discriminated against due to their gender. The Equality Act 2010:
The Equality Act 2010 became law in October 2010 and replaces previous legislation such as the Race Relations Act 1976 and the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. The new act covers sex discrimination issues, as well as many others such as equal pay, based on discrimination against age, disability, gender reassignment, race, religion or belief, sex, sexual orientation, marriage and civil partnership and pregnancy and maternity. 1. Theory about sex discrimination
H T Graham and Roger Bennett (1998) suggested that:
* An equal opportunity employment situation exists where there is no unfair discrimination against either of sexes or against any ethnic or legally constituted social group in terms of job, terms and conditions of employment, promotion, training, remuneration, or termination of employment. * Many organisations have equal opportunities policies in which they formally state their commitment to equal opportunity ideals. 2. Reasons for the high number of sexual discrimination cases in the city: Patriarchal Society:
Because the society is still patriarchal, which means is still mainly ruled by men and the most important jobs such as managers are occupied mainly by men, it is hard for women to prove they are capable to do the same jobs as men. Furthermore, the salaries and bonuses received by men are higher than those received by women, which reinforces the fact that not only the society, but also companies are patriarchal....