Lyndon B. Johnson and Equal Rights Amendment

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Danielle Kiser
May 5, 2010

History since 1877 Final

“Who initiated and led the African-American struggle for civil rights? What role did the federal government play? What were the goals of the civil rights movement? Where did it succeed, and in what ways did it fall short?”

The African-American struggle for civil rights began long before the Civil Rights movement of the 1960’s and before the Emancipation Proclamation for that matter. The most recent struggle endured by African-Americans was the Civil Rights movements of the 1960’s that was figured headed by Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King along with other figures pivotal to the common goals of equal rights for African-Americans. The goals of the Civil Rights movement included civil rights and equal treatment of African-Americans along with the right to vote for those individuals. The federal government positively and negatively affected the Civil Rights Movement as well. Although the Civil Rights is seen as a success there are still many ways in which it failed.

The Civil Rights movement to some was set up by Rosa Parks as she made her brave sit in on that bus in Alabama that day after coming from work. Using her networking skills from the NAACP she contacted Dr. King and began the Montgomery bus boycott. This was an imperative part of the movement because it financially affected the public transportation in Montgomery and ultimately led to African-Americans uniting for transportation reason to keep it going. Another figure essential to the Civil Rights movement was Malcolm X and Huey P. Newton who established more radical groups for the common goal.

The Black Panther Party and the Nation of Islam were groups who took a more drastic approach toward achieving civil rights. Known as violent both groups actually had strict rules against unprovoked violence. The federal government often intervened in the internal affairs of these groups spying on them and causing riots forcing them to retaliate....
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