N149: Preparation for Advanced Placement in Nursing
El Camino College
August 31, 2011
Comparing and contrasting the LVN and RN roles
Nursing is a high-demand healthcare profession that is dedicated to the total care and well-being of individuals as well as communities. They help their patients to maintain an optimal status of health. In the United States, there are two major types of nurses RNs and LVNs. An RN is a registered nurse; an LVN is a licensed vocational nurse. LVNs can also be known as LPNs, or licensed practical nurses. So what are the duties of an LVN vs RN, and how do they comparing and contrasting specifically? One of the main differences between RNs and LVNs is the amount of training they receive. LVNs train in anatomy, physiology, pharmacology and practical patient care for one and a half year. RNs, however, receive anywhere from two to five years of training, depending on whether the student pursues an Associate's Degree in nursing (two to three years) from a nursing program, or a Bachelor of Science in nursing from a four to five-year university program. Both RNs and LVNs may work in hospitals, long-term facilities, doctor's offices, or home health care organizations. While an LVN usually handles more generalized nursing care, RNs may choose to specialize in a particular area of medicine such as surgical or pediatric care. Registered nurses are able to perform certain duties that licensed vocational nurses cannot. At the hospital nurses working as a team. The team generally is led by a registered nurse who is responsible for assessing, developing nursing diagnoses, planning and evaluating each client’s plan of care, educating clients, families before client’s discharge from hospital. Also providing treatments such as administering blood, pushing IV medications, administering certain medications, which are LVN’s cannot do. Registered nurse can...