Lucid dreaming is an issue that has been studied as far back as 1896. A Lucid dream is one in which the dreamer is aware that he/she is dreaming and is sometimes able to take control what is happening in the dream. Lucid dreams are actual phenomena that do occur in REM sleep. REM sleep is the portion of sleep when there are rapid eye movements. Dr. van Eeden was the first recorded person to study dreams in which the dreamer is aware they are dreaming. In 1896 he began recording his dreams. Over a period of one year he recorded 352 dreams, but only eight were lucid dreams. The actual definition of a lucid dream is a dream in which the dreamer mentally awakens in the dream and becomes aware that it is only a dream. This "awakening" is usually triggered by the dreamer noticing something in the dream that is far too unusual to be real. The actual term lucid dreaming was first used by the Dutch psychiatrist Fredrick van Olen in 1913. It simply means "clear dreaming."
Surveys and research have shown that 50 percent of all Americans have had at least one lucid dream in their life that they could recall. When a dreamer becomes lucid there are physical changes on the outside of the body and brain patterns also change. There are usually pauses in breathing and changes in heart rate. The amount of brain activity is more heightened than that of a regular dream, but less than when waking. It has also been observed that a person having a lucid dream shows more brain activity than a waking person under the influence of hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD. A lucid dream is usually provoked by an earlier day of heightened stress or anxiety. They usually occur at the end of an eight or nine hour sleep. Several methods have been developed for inducing lucid dreams. The simplest and most common method is known as the MILD method, or Mnemonic Induction of Lucid Dreaming. This method consists of waking in the early morning from a dream and remembering what the dream was about....
Please join StudyMode to read the full document