Topics: Manila Light Rail Transit System, Light rail, Rapid transit Pages: 25 (8685 words) Published: January 23, 2013
Manila Light Rail Transit System
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Manila Light Rail Transit System|

The platform area of LRTA Purple line Legarda Station.|
Type| Rapid transit|
Status| Operational|
Termini| Baclaran (Yellow Line), Santolan (Purple Line) Roosevelt (Yellow Line), Recto (Purple Line)|
Stations| 31|
Services| 2|
Daily ridership| 600,000 (2011)|
Opened| December 1, 1984|
Owner| Light Rail Transit Authority|
Operator(s)| Light Rail Transit Authority|
Rolling stock| Yellow Line:
Hyundai Precision/Adtranz
Kinki Sharyo/Nippon Sharyo

Purple Line:
Hyundai Precision|
Line length| Over 31 km (19 mi);
34.5 km (21.4 mi) upon completion of current extension|
Track gauge| 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge| Electrification| Overhead line|
Operating speed| 60 km/h|
The Manila Light Rail Transit System, popularly known as the LRT, is a metropolitan rail system serving the Metro Manila area in the Philippines. Although referred to as a light rail system because it originally used light rail vehicles, it is more of a rapid transit (metro) system, such as high passenger throughput, exclusive right-of-way and later use of full metro rolling stock. The LRT is operated by the Light Rail Transit Authority (LRTA), a government-owned and controlled corporation under the authority of the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC). Along with theManila Metro Rail Transit System (MRT-3, also called the Blue Line), and the Philippine National Railways (PNR), the LRT is part of Metro Manila's rail transportation infrastructure known as the Strong Republic Transit System (SRTS). Quick and inexpensive to ride, the LRT serves 579,000 passengers each day. Its 31 stations along over 31 kilometers (19 mi) of mostly elevated track form two lines. LRT Line 1, also called the Yellow Line, opened in 1984 and travels a north–south route. LRT Line 2, the Purple Line, was completed in 2004 and runs east–west. The original LRT Line 1 was built as a no-frills means of public transport and lacks some features and comforts, but the new LRT Line 2 has been built with additional standards and criteria in mind like barrier-free access. Security guards at each station conduct inspections and provide assistance. A reusable plastic magnetic ticketing system has replaced the previous token-based system, and the Flash Pass introduced as a step towards a more integrated transportation system. Many passengers who ride the LRT also take various forms of road-based public transport, such as buses, to and from a LRT station to reach their intended destination. Although it aims to reduce traffic congestion and travel times in the metropolis, the transportation system has only been partially successful due to the rising number of motor vehicles and rapid urbanization. The network's expansion is set on tackling this problem. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Network * 2 Stations * 3 Rolling stock * 3.1 Yellow Line * 3.2 Purple Line * 4 Safety and security * 5 Fares * 5.1 Ticketing * 5.1.1 Magnetic ticket * 5.1.2 Flash Pass * 6 History * 7 Future expansion * 7.1 Extensions * 7.2 New lines * 7.3 Transfer of line operations * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links| -------------------------------------------------

Main articles: Manila LRT Yellow Line, Manila LRT Purple Line, and List of LRT stations System map of the Manila LRT (current as of October 22, 2010)| The LRT network consists of two lines: the original LRT Line 1 (LRT-1) or Yellow Line, and the more modern LRT Line 2 (LRT-2), or Purple Line. The Yellow Line is aligned in a general north–south direction along over 17.2 kilometers (10.7 mi) of fully elevated track. FromMonumento it runs south above the hustle and bustle...
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