Ujjwal Pathak English (Hons.)
Q: Significance of the ‘Ring’ and ‘Curse’ in the play ‘Abhijnana Shakuntalam’.
Ans: ‘Abhijnana Shakuntalam’ or the “Loom of Time” is a play which tells us the love story of Shakuntala and Dushyant. The play follows the outline of the epic drama but the whole structure of the play is a sophisticated Dramatic form. Before going further in details regarding the question I would like to specify how the ring justifies the title of the play, ‘Abhijnana’ means ‘recognition’, therefore the title of the play is recognition of Shakuntala and the ring plays an important role in the loss of identity and the recognition of Shakuntala in the eyes of king Dushyant, our hero of the play. I would like to clarify what is the ring concept, what was the curse and how the ring and the curse relate to each other. The ring was the token of love given to Shakuntala by Dushyant. The curse was given by Durvasa rishi to Shakuntala that she will not be recognized by her beloved, later on this curse was diluted and she was recognized by Dushyant. Now this ring which was a token of love suddenly is transformed into an instrument through which Dushyant forgets and then recognizes Shakuntala later on thus fulfilling the curse of Durvasa. In short we can say that the curse acts as an impediment to the action and the ring acts as the token of recognition to resolve the problem. In this drama not only are nature, flora and fauna made into...