Louise Bourgeois (American, born France, 1911)
Metropolitan Museum, New York
Louise Bourgeois was born in Paris in 1911and studied art at various schools there. In 1938, she immigrated to the United States and continued her studies at the Art Students League in New York. She began her career as a painter and engraver, turning to sculpture in the late 1940s for which she is now recognized as a 20th century leader. When she produced her first sculptural work, her imagery had been influenced by European Surrealist artists who immigrated to the United States after World War II. Bourgeois's early sculptures were composed of groupings of abstract and organic shapes, often carved from wood. By the 1960s her work displayed a wide range of both materials and appearance. Some of the materials she uses are glass, wood, steel, marble, and rubber latex sometimes combining them in one piece. Bourgeois's style relies strongly on a personal vocabulary of anthropomorphic forms charged with sexual allusions.
The "Eyes" is a large marble sculpture that measures about 45-3/4 inches. The base is a large block chiseled in various places which looks like a house. On top are two polished round balls with carved circular openings at each center. The sculptor may have wanted to portray an allusion to the female sexual anatomy. "Eyes" three-dimensional abstract and organic shapes may suggest a bold abstract head, a female torso (human figure), or it may be the symbolic marriage of woman to the home and family. Overall this sculpture is piece of beautiful art.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Works of art...