Louis XIV: The Sun King
“I am the state.” This quote refers to why Louis XIV was called The Sun King. Louis took the sun as the symbol of his power. He stated, “Since the sun stands at the center of the solar system, The Sun King stands at the center of the nation.” Louis XIV ruled France from 1643-1715 and was known as one of the most dominant rulers during the age of absolutism. Louis carried the French monarchy to its peak of absolute power as France became the most dominant country in Europe. Louis was appointed King at such a young age and once his Chief Minister Cardinal Mazarin died, Louis took over the government by himself. Through reforms in politics, economic policies, religious practices, social beliefs, and intellectual ideas and arts, Louis XIV rebuilt France into one of the most dominant countries in Europe.
Louis XIV was born on September 5, 1638 in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye. A couple years later, Louis would become the King of France at just the age of four. Louis XIV was the son of Anne of Austria and Louis XIII of France. Louis XIV only had one sibling, a brother, Philippe I, Duke of Orléans. Over the course of Louis XIV’s childhood, he received a practical education rather than a scholarly education. Louis XIV’s godfather, Chief Minister Cardinal Mazarin, was the one responsible for teaching Louis XIV history, politics, and art. Louis XIV’s governor, Nicolas de Neufville, was appointed to watch over Louis XIV, but incidents where Louis XIV almost drowned showed concerning glimpses of a young King. In 1648, when Louis XIV was still very young, Parliament of Paris rebelled against Mazarin and engaged in a civil war. During the war, Louis had to overcome many issues occurring during the war, such as poverty and starvation. In Louis XIV’s relief, the war ended quickly and Mazarin achieved victory over the rebels. After the war ended, Mazarin stated to build an elaborate administration as Louis XIV just watched and observed his mentor....
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