Louis Pasteur was an incredible man who changed much of history that led to the improvement of public health. He was born on December 27, 1822 in Dole, Jura in France. He was the third child of parents, Jean-Joseph and Jeanne Roqui. His father had always dreamed for Louis to have a good education and apply that to his future career. Pasteur was only an average student skilled at drawing and painting, which would help him illustrate what he saw in the microscope later on in life. In a college exam, Louis had placed 15th out of 22 other men. Pasteur did not accept that information. One year after he rejected that offer, he took the entrance test again. Fortunately, this time he placed fourth in all of France. That was the first time he had really proved his intelligence. He then earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1840, which led to his Bachelor of Science degree in 1842 and eventually in 1847, a doctorate at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. Following his education, he then spent several years researching and teaching at Dijon Lycée. In 1848, he became a professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg, where he met Marie Laurent.
Marie was the daughter of the university's priest. They became husband and wife on May 29, 1849 and had five children. Sadly though, only two of their children survived childhood. Two of his children died from typhoid fever and the other from a brain tumor. This personal tragedy related to Pasteur's scientific triumphs. However, he was overworked and grief-stricken, which may have caused him to suffer a cerebral hemorrhage. A cerebral hemorrhage is a bleeding caused by a broken blood vessel in the brain. Part of his left arm and leg were permanently paralyzed. Nevertheless, he carried on.
In 1854, Pasteur was appointed professor of chemistry and dean of the science faculty at the University of Lille. He worked on finding solutions to the problems with the manufacture of alcoholic drinks. Pasteur was working with the...
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