Jesus was telling the parable pretty often, usually the audience was tax collectors and the "lost" people that were passing by and stopped to listen Jesus' stories. He told so many of them, but I think that the most important parables are about The Lost Sheep, Lost Coin and Lost Son. Because, that are the parables where he shows that God Loves the Sinners. Those parables can be read only in Luke. The Lost Sheep and Lost Coin are almost certainly thematically related, along with the parable of The Lost Son, which follows them. Many people are thinking that The Lost Sheep and Lost Coin are actually a double parable. The Russian Bible proves it. In it those parables are written under the same heading.
Luke places these parables as an address to both tax collectors and sinners, and Pharisees and teachers of the law who were grumbling about Jesus' association with those sinners. Thus, the parable becomes a response to the Pharisees' charges as well as an announcement of the joy of finding the lost. "Joachim Jeremias includes the parable of the lost coin as an "apologetic parable," or a defense against the critics of Jesus."1 So the parables of the lost sheep and lost coin are an apology, or defense, to Jesus' critics, the Pharisees. At the same time, they are a proclamation of the good news to those who are... [continues]
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