Golding uses chapter eight to show the changes within Ralph and Piggy. The experience on the island has caused them to mature early, and Golding develops this maturity in order to provide the reader with a believable story and memorable characters. He develops the characters through vivid details, distinct diction, simple syntax, and congested figurative language. Golding uses detail to show Ralph's change from a civil leader to a mindless savage. When Ralph sits and pokes holes in the sand, he is "surprised" to see blood. He examines his nail and is interested, not concerned, about the blood. He originally was disgusted at the site of blood. This act shows his savage-like fascination with blood. Piggy's development is also dependent on Golding's use of detail. Within this passage, Piggy wipes off his glasses twice. There is a sense of paranoia and urgency in this act. Piggy wishes to disconnect from reality and does not want to admit to himself or Ralph their desperate situation. Piggy was originally the voice of reason in the novel. This simple act, however, shows he is changing into an unadmitting fool because he chooses not to see reality due to fear.
The use of diction is also vital to the development of the characters in Lord of the Flies. The passage opens with Ralph "smudging the sweat from his face with a dirty forearm." This conveys to the reader an exhausted boy who is at wit's end. The words "smudging," "sweat," and "dirty," connote savagery, and they show Ralph's animalistic characteristics coming out. He has changed from a polished, civilized boy to a dirty savage since the arrival on the island. Ralph also runs around the fire "holding up his hair" when he realizes that most of the boys have joined Jack. This reference to hair shows the savagery in Ralph, as opposed to his clean-cut original appearance.
Syntax is another technique used by Golding to further develop the characters. The frequent use of dashes, fragments,...
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