The first example of irony occurred in chapter two. Jack says to the group of young, impressionable boys that "We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages."(Golding 32)However, in the following chapters Jack is the leader of the tribe and encourages the boys to forget civilization and act upon their primitive instincts. They ignore the laws that they all have agreed to follow while on the island and commit heinous crimes against humanity, such as torture against both humans and animals, and murder. They no longer act like English schoolboys who are the best at everything, but like savages.
Relatively early on in the novel Ralph comes to terms with his situation. He realizes that much of one's life is spent just keeping out of danger and staying alive. After understanding the complex, yet realistic, view of life he remembers his first impression of the island and how he thought they would have fun on the island, like living in one of his books. Now he realized what life on the island would really be like.
There is irony in Piggy' s name. The boys hunt, kill and eat pigs on the island. Not only do they kill the pigs, they enjoy it tremendously. Piggy' s name suggests that he will be a victim of the beast. Not the beast the boys on the island fear, but the beast within each of them. The author is saying through Piggy that because they kill and eat the pigs they become the beast.
Ralph prays to the adult world to send them something grownup, a sign or something. His prayer is answered by a dead parachuter,...