I. The classic novel Lord of The Flies by William Golding is an exciting adventure deep into the nether regions of the mind. The part of out brain that is suppressed by the mundane tasks of modern society. It is a struggle between Ralph and Jack, the boys and the Beast, good and evil. II. Novel Analysis:
A. The title refers to Beelzebub, most stinking and depraved of all the devils: it is he, and not the God of the Christians, who is worshipped (Burgess 121). B. -evil is built in him [man], part of his nature; he is led instinctively to worship of Beelzebub (Burgess 121). C. In Lord of the Flies he [Golding] showed how people go to hell when the usual social controls are lifted, on desert islands real of imaginary (Sheed 121). D. ....rational (the firewatchers) pitted against the irrational (the hunters ) in Lord of the Flies (Dick 121). E. The Brilliance of Lord of the Flies can scarcely be exaggerated, and horrific as it is, it cannot be dismissed merely as a horror-comic of high literary merit, as a sick' comment of R.M. Ballentyne's nineteenth century views of the nature of British boyhood (Allen 120). III. Authors Life:
A. He [Golding] entered the Royal Navy at the age of twenty-nine in December, 1940, and after a period of service on mine sweepers, destroyers, and cruisers, he became a lieutenant in command of his own rocketship (Baker xiii). B He [Golding] has constantly stressed his Hellenic parentage, claiming Homer, Herodotus, Aeschylus, Sophoctes, and Euripides as kinsmen (Dick 120). C. His [Golding's] first novel, Lord of the Flies finally appeared in 1954 after being rejected by twenty-one publishers; the author was then forty three (Dick 120). D. ....he is a genuinely religious novelist with a vision, based on the concept of original sin, of the horrifying thinness of civilization, of the fragile barriers that lie between man and reversion into barbarism and chaos (Allen 120). IV. Authors Time:
A. Golding did not become a war novelist. He does not write about soldiers and sailors or the great battles of the war, yet war forms the back-ground in three of his novels (Baker xiii). B. He [Golding] finished his career as a lieutenant in command of a rocket ship; he had seen action against battleships, submarines and aircraft, and had participated in the Walcheren and D-Day operations (Epstein 104). V. Ideas and Philosophies:
A. The [ Golding's early poems] foreshadow the considerable poetic talent evident in the fiction, but they are not representative of either his mature thought of technique because they come long before the trying experiences of the war years (Baker xiv). B. The shape of society must depend of the ethical nature of the individual and not on any political system however apparently logical or respectable (Baker 5). C. Thus, according to Golding , the aim of his narrative is "to trace the defects of society back to the defects of human nature (Baker 5)." D. The good intentions of the few are overborne by the innate evil of the many (Burgess 121). E. ....Boys, like men, will choose chaos rather than order (Burgess 121). F. What Golding senses is that institutions and order imposed form with out are temporary, but that man's irrationality and urge for destruction are enduring.... (Karl 119). VI. Other Works:
A. Writing Style:
1. In each of [his] novels, the manner is indirect, the symbols rarely clarified, and the methods of narration uncondescending and stringent (Karl 119). 2. There is in all of Golding's work [a] crucial avoidance of subtlety, and that is perhaps why his novels are concerned almost solely with primitive struggles for survival.... (Karl 119). 3. Golding's characteristic themes - the origin of evil, guilt and sexuality, the wonders and danger of natural philosophy (Gordon 122). 4. Golding's hallmark: a polarity expressed in terms of a moral tension (Dick 121). 5. ....a Golding novel is reminiscent of a skeletal...