1. A. What stage of Kohlberg’s Moral Reasoning do Ralph and Jack seem to be at? How about the young boys?
The stage of Kohlberg’s Moral Reasoning that I believe that Ralph seem to be at would be the post conventional level, which would be stage 5 and a little bit of 6. Ralph was concern about the whole group and wanted them to stick together and wait until they got rescue. The level that I believe that Jack is in is the pre-convention level. Jack increasingly gets cruel and wild toward the end. Making him be in stage 1 because he wants total power and control. He punishes children and tortures the twins until they give in to his power. The level that I believe the young boys are in is the pre-conventional and conventional level, level 1-3, because they boys are trying to survive and by doing that they need to obey the rules in order to avoid punishment. They are all associate there so they have to listen to each other and they elected a leader, so they are helping them and also being helped.
B. Based on the stage that Kohlberg felt that most people reach, and based on the various circumstances that cause people to progress to certain levels, do you feel that the boys were above or below the level that most people reach? Kohlberg believed that most individuals would only reach the conventional level. Most of the boys are below the level that most people reach. But then again these boys are young and maybe don’t have the education to reach Kohlberg’s expectation. So in my opinion most of the boys are in the pre-conventional level. Ralph is the only person that I think that is above Kohlberg’s expectation, because of the way he was thinking. He was thinking what would an adult do in the situation and also worry about everyone as a group.
2. Ralph appears to be demonstrating the use of one type of power, while Jack appears to be demonstrating the use of a different type of power. Describe....