AP English/ 4th period
25 February 2013
Thesis: Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies, Golding demonstrates his support for democracy and hatred for authoritarianism by demonstrating the differences between Ralph and Jack through their personalities, leadership, and symbolism. I. Contrast in their personalities
A. Jack’s vicious, violent personality
B. Ralph’s peaceful, calm personality
II. Contrast in their leadership
A. Jack’s cruel rule, but leadership with instant results B. Ralph’s gentle leadership, but a leadership with unkempt promises, but with more responsibility III. Contrast in their symbolism
A. Jack’s symbolism of Satan, devil-like creature
B. Ralph’s symbolism of protector, democratic man
AP English/ 4th period
25 February 2013
In Lord of the Flies, Golding describes two very different governments: authoritarianism and democracy. After going through the terrible experience he had in World War Two, Golding shows his disgust for totalitarianism through the character Jack by giving aggressive, selfish, and brutal characteristics. Golding shows his support for democracy through Ralph by giving gentle, caring, and power characteristics. Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies, Golding demonstrates his support for democracy and his hatred for authoritarianism by demonstrating the difference between Ralph and Jack through their personalities, leadership, and symbolism. Golding attacks the authoritarianism while defends democracy by showing Jack’s vicious violent personality. After the election, Jack was furious that Ralph became the leader. Jack believed that Ralph was chosen as the leader only because of Ralph’s physical traits rather than his abilities. The madness was built on from this point on. While leading his group, Jack was “physically tough and courageous” (Oldsey 94) but, at the same time, he is “quick to anger, prideful, aggressive” (Oldsey 94). He did not have any time to think of others or felt sorry for what he had done to them because “he was safe from shame or self- consciousness” (Spitz 4). Jack commands the orders that he thinks they are best for the group not caring how his citizens feel. Jack addresses to Littluns as an objects by commanding his citizens to “use a Littlun” (Golding 104). Through Jack’s demanding, aggressive personality that dictates every move he make, Golding portrays the brutal rule that authoritarianism possesses by only being thoughtful of what it is best for the society than the individual.
In contrast to Jack, Golding portrays his support for democracy through contrasting personality that Ralph possesses from Jack. Although Ralph was forced to be the leader because of his physical traits, Ralph has courage, he has good intelligence” (Oldsey 94). However, the courage that Ralph holds is different from Jack’s courage. Ralph seeks to find hope for every individual, and struggles to satisfy everyone. Even though the caring and gentle personality has major set-backs to his leadership, Ralph tries not to torture his citizens to death. Ralph’s mildness personality affects his leadership by having the children “ultimately, their passions inflamed, they seek even to put him to death” (Spitz 3). Ralph was used to “giving orders” (Fitzgerald 81), and insisting that the children follow the rules rather than implying them with force. Whenever they were having problems, Ralph calmed the children down by asking them “what are the grownups going to think” (Golding 91) setting clear boundaries between what is right and wrong. Because of his kindness, the children mistook him was a weak leader, and soon, abandoned him. By putting Ralph in this miserable situation, Golding wanted to draw sympathy towards Ralph. Ralph’s kind, gentle, and mild personality which affects Ralph’s leadership, presents clear distinction between Jack’s violent, aggressive rule to reveal Golding’s...
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