Lord of the Flies
The Lord of the Flies, written by William Golding, follows the story of a group of British boys who are stranded on a deserted island. Golding suggests that all men are born with the potential to commit evil. He shows this through the use of symbolism including the snake and the dead parachutist (the beast), the characters such as Jack, Ralph and Simon and the setting of the island. Goldingʼs view of mankind and the world is a truly pessimistic one. In the early 1930ʼs, the Nazi party led Germany into World War II. Durning the war, the Nazis were responsible for the holocaust, which was the murder of millions of people. This made Golding pessimistic about human nature and we see this to be one of the most important themes in Lord of the Flies; evil is an inborn trait of mankind. ʻRalph wept for the end of innocence, the darkness of manʼs heart.ʼ (Golding pg 248). After World War II, Soviet Union and the USA fought about how to distribute Europe and what political beliefs the Europeans should practice, be that democracy or communism. This brought on the Cold War which lasted around 50 years. Each country had nuclear weapons and believed the more weapons they had the more protected they would be. The truth was that if conﬂict had broken out, it would have destroyed the world. This war shaped Goldingʼs view on human nature. The setting holds a great deal of importance throughout the novel. When the boys ﬁrst arrived to the island they were surrounded by the beauty of it, they had water, ﬁre and fruit. When the boys eat the fruit however, they get diarrhoea which shows the readers that the island is not the paradise it seems. The setting Golding chose has a biblical parallel, the Garden of Eden. The whole island has a strong religious resemblance, but one place in particular, Simonʼs secret garden is the most peaceful and beautiful place on the island until the hunters sacriﬁce the pigs head in the garden. This represents evil...
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